What is international migration

Basic dossier migration

With globalization, migration behavior has also changed. New forms such as the pendulum hike complement the classic immigration and emigration. What are the opportunities and risks from this?

Market in Marzahn-Hellersdorf (& copy Susanne Tessa Müller)

Migration is a global phenomenon. There is no country that does not record cross-border immigration and emigration (international migration) or inland movements (internal migration).

An important driving force behind migratory movements is globalization with its worldwide integration of markets. However, globalization does not have unlimited effects:
  • On the one hand, all states are trying to control immigration. In some countries, limiting emigration is also a priority. The level of control varies, and some countries are more open to immigration than others. Basically, however, the following applies: every state controls and no country pursues a policy of open borders.

  • On the other hand, people not only migrate for economic reasons: Refugees make up a significant part of global migration. They leave their homes not primarily to find better economic living conditions for themselves and their families, but because they seek protection from oppression and persecution.
Overall, the number of international migrants and refugees is growing at a much slower pace than would be expected given the increasing integration of markets, increasing global inequality and insufficient security in many regions of the world. Nonetheless, migratory movements are increasing overall, and there is growing awareness in many countries that the associated opportunities and challenges can only be met through more intensive international cooperation.