Why do babies have big eyes

Are eyes fully grown at birth?

Babies look at us with huge googly eyes. Everything else about them is lumpy. Looks like her eyes are already grown, right?

How big are the eyes at birth?

The axial length of the eye of an infant is 16 to 17 millimeters, that of an adult 23 to 24 millimeters. Our most important sensory organ is still growing by around 30 percent. And that's very little compared to the body, which stretches at least three times from birth to adulthood.

Does the child have an advantage if they have such big eyes so early?

No. The visual system is organically complete, but not fully developed. Most newborns are born with +2 diopters farsightedness due to the length of the eyeball. But myopia or corneal curvature are also possible. These early childhood visual defects are usually lost in the growth phase. Most children are normally sighted by the age of six.

What happens during this time?

During the growth phase, the eye, lens and cornea are constantly coordinated with one another in terms of length and thickness, like optical devices that readjust themselves. Visual acuity is also crucial for learning to see: Infants start life with visual acuity of less than ten percent. Their cones in the center of the retina are not yet fully developed, and light is less absorbed. Babies only recognize strong contrasts and hardly any colors. At one year, however, depending on the measurement method, visual acuity is already 20 to 30 percent, at four years it is almost 100 percent.

When are eyes fully grown?

The eye is fully grown by the age of 14 at the latest. But that does not mean that there will be no more changes in growth afterwards. For example, if the length of the eyeball continues to grow, young people will become nearsighted. In our digital world, scientists bring two things into play as the main reason for this in addition to heredity: too little time outdoors, too much close-up vision.

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