What are the advantages of the fudal system
Feudalism was a special system of the social, economic and political order of the European Middle Ages. Noble landlords received land for cultivation from higher-ranking feudal lords. In return for this so-called fiefdom, military service had to be performed. The fiefs were managed by farmers. These were sometimes serfs, i.e. they were unfree and dependent on the manor. They were tied to the ground, were not allowed to leave it and owed taxes in the form of work performance to the manor (Compulsory labor) and taxes in kind from the piece of land they cultivated (Tithe).
The social order was hierarchical. At the top were the king / queen or emperor / empress; they were understood to represent God on earth.
The (Catholic) Church was part of this feudal system: the high ecclesiastical nobility also held secular power, which led to frequent tensions between secular and ecclesiastical rulers, e.g. between the emperor and the pope.
The social system of feudalism ended with the beginning of the modern age.
This is a form of the state that used to exist.
A few families owned almost the entire country in Austria.
The farmers had to do the work in the fields.
They had to give much of the harvest to the families who owned almost everything.
From: www.rechtleicht.at/lexikon - Explanations on politics in easily understandable language
© Copyright 2008 by Verlag Jungbrunnen, Vienna, on behalf of the Austrian Ministry of Education.
This lexicon is also available in book form, published by Jungbrunnen Verlag, Vienna. It is available in many libraries.
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