What is Ireland's type of government

Country info Ireland

Capital: Dublin

Population: 4.7 million

Area: 70,282 sq km

Climate: temperate ocean climate with frequent weather changes and frequent rain

National language: Irish, English

Religion: about 87% Catholics, 3% Anglicans (Church of Ireland), 0.8% Muslims and other small groups

Form of government: parliamentary-democratic republic


The island of Ireland is the westernmost of the two great British Isles. Ireland roughly covers the area of ​​Bavaria, but no place is further than 110 km from the coast. The Irish coastline is characterized by mountain ranges, in the flat interior there are many moors, lakes and the river system of the Shannon.


Dublin is the capital of Ireland, a total of around 4.2 million people live in the country. The population is growing by around 1.1% annually, men live on average 75 years old, women around 80 years old. Around 60% of the population lives in cities, the rest of the population in smaller urban communities or in villages in rural areas. With around one million inhabitants, Dublin is the largest city in the country. The second largest city in Ireland is Cork, with almost 190,000 inhabitants, larger cities in Ireland are also Limerick and Galway. With just 60 inhabitants per km², Ireland is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the EU.


The Irish climate is characterized by mild winters and cool summers. Basically there is changeable and windy weather in Ireland due to the low pressure systems and the westerly wind zone. Rainfall can often occur in Ireland, but this does not last very long on the coastal areas, but inland there is significantly higher annual rainfall.


Until 6000 BC: settlement of the first tribes on Irish territory

from approx. 300 BC: Celts immigrate to Ireland

from 9th century onwards: Vikings founded a town

Middle of the 15th century: the English sphere of influence shrinks

1541: The English king proclaims himself King of Ireland

1801: Union of Ireland with England

1845-1849: Greatest famine in Irish history

1916: Dublin Easter Rising

1919-1921: IRA's Irish War of Independence against the British

1945: Proclamation of the Republic of Ireland

January 30, 1972: Bloody Sunday - British shoot unarmed Irish

1981: Hunger strike by IRA & INLA prisoners

1985: Anglo-Irish Agreement

1999: Autonomy of Ireland through the Northern Ireland Assembly

2007: The Irish economy slumped due to the financial crisis

economy and politics

Despite the positive impact that globalization has had on Ireland's economy, the Irish economy has suffered heavy losses from the international financial crisis. The country has been in recession since 2008.

There has been a sharp decline in orders, particularly in the construction industry and in retail. In addition, the crisis has had a strong negative impact on unemployment figures, which in 2009 was around 12 percent. The number of immigrants in Ireland, which was initially rising sharply, decreased. The Irish government responded to the economic slump with a comprehensive guarantee for the deposits and liabilities of Irish financial institutions.

Political situation

Ireland is a parliamentary-democratic constitutional state based on the 1937 constitution. The Irish President has, like the German, only representative tasks. It is represented by a constitutional commission consisting of the President of the Supreme Court (Chief Justice) and the Presidents of the House of Representatives and the Senate.

The Irish Parliament (Oireachtas) is made up of two chambers, the House of Commons (Dáil Éireann) and the Senate (Seanad Éireann). The members of parliament are re-elected at least every five years via a commission consisting of personality and proportional representation in 41 constituencies. The Irish Senate has a total of 60 seats. The Prime Minister nominates 11 members for the Senate, 43 professional representatives are selected by an election committee from five social groups, the remaining six come from the university sector.

Relations between Germany and Ireland have traditionally been very friendly. Ireland has been a member of the European Union since the early days and therefore also works with Germany on a political level.

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