How is life in Nagorno-Karabakh

Armenia and AzerbaijanThe ongoing conflict around Nagorno-Karabakh

Who Owns the Nagorno-Karabakh Region? The conflict between the neighboring countries has been going on for a long time: for decades there have been repeated wars between Armenia and Azerbaijan, because both see themselves as right. Over time tens of thousands of people have lost their homes or perished.

The Nagorno-Karabakh region is only slightly larger than the Saarland. But the conflict over the region has not ended for decades.

Because: Both Azerbaijan and Armenia claim the area for themselves. And both states have their arguments: One side says the area officially belongs to Azerbaijan. The other side argues that Nagorno-Karabakh is mainly inhabited by an Armenian population.

Armenian or Azerbaijani?

In 2006, archaeological excavations revealed the remains of a city built on the historical territory of the ancient Armenian principality of Artsakh. In the first and second centuries BC, the principality was part of Armenia. According to Armenian historians and archaeologists, an Armenian apostolic - i.e. Christian - rule was established there in the period that followed.

Your Azerbaijani colleagues consider the same excavation to be the remains of a city in the Principality of Artsakh, but they locate the region in Albania, Azerbaijan's predecessor, not to be confused with today's Albania.

Unrecognized Artsakh Republic

How complex the conflict is became clear again in 2017 when the "Nagorno-Karabakh Republic" gave itself the name "Artsakh Republic". The international community of states does not recognize this republic, however. Not least because of the dispute between the two neighboring countries.

The United Nations designates Nagorno-Karabakh as part of Azerbaijan and has issued several resolutions calling on the parties to the conflict to resolve their disputes peacefully.

You hear in one hour of history:

  • Eastern Europe expert Eva Maria also explains why Azerbaijan is laying claim to Nagorno-Karabakh.
  • Sociologist Tessa Hofmann deals with the relationship between Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh.
  • Journalist Sabine Adler worked for a long time as a correspondent for Deutschlandfunk in Moscow and explains the interests of the various conflicting parties in this Caucasus region.
  • Author and ethnologist Christoph Benedikter reports on the destruction of cultural assets and Christian sites in Nagorno-Karabakh.
  • Deutschlandfunk Nova history expert Matthias von Hellfeld describes some aspects of the history of Nagorno-Karabach between Armenia and Azerbaijan.
  • Deutschlandfunk-Nova reporter Veronika von Borries recalls the war over Nagorno-Karabakh, which ended on May 16, 1994 with an armistice.