What are databases


1. Term: independent, long-term, flexible and safe use Data organizationwhich includes both a database and an associated data management system - database management system (DBMS). A database is used to store and manage a large amount of data in a structured manner.

2. Legal protection: Copyright distinguishes between the database work (§ 4 II UrhG) and the database (§ 87a UrhG). Database work in the sense of the UrhG is a collective work, the elements of which are arranged systematically or methodically and individually accessible using electronic means or in some other way. A computer program used to create the database or to enable access to its elements is not part of the database. Database works enjoy full copyright protection if they represent a personal intellectual creation of the author. Section 55a UrhG governs the use of a database.

In addition to the database works, databases also enjoy a so-called sui generis protection according to §§ 87a ff. UrhG because of the investments required for the creation of the database. These are databases that do not embody a personal intellectual creation, but whose acquisition, verification or representation require a substantial investment in terms of type and scope (§ 87a I UrhG). Such databases grant the manufacturer a 15-year exclusive right to reproduce, distribute or publicly reproduce the databases in whole or in part (Section 87b UrhG).