Why did Hanuman and Ram fight


Sita is the Indian earth goddess, wife of god Rama. Sita symbolizes playfulness, love of nature, but also conjugal fidelity and conjugal love.

The Sanskrit word Sita

1. Sita (Sanskrit सीता Sītā f.) Furrow, furrow; an incarnation of Lakshmi, wife of Rama, goddess of faithfulness and righteousness. The story of Sita and Rama is told in detail in the ancient Indian epic Ramayana. King Janaka of Videha found Sita as a baby plowing in a furrow (sītā) and raised her as her own daughter.

When Sita later lived in exile as Rama's wife, she was kidnapped by the demon prince Ravana to the island of Lanka. In the subsequent fight, Rama succeeded with the help of the monkey king Hanuman, to destroy the demon army and Ravana and to free Sita.

2. Sita (Sanskrit: सित sita adj., m. and n.) white, bright, pure, louder, pale, light; bound, fastened; sharp, sharpened, honed; the white color, white; the planet Venus (Shukra); the bright half of the month; Silver; Sandalwood (Chandana); Radish (mulaka).

3. Sita (Sanskrit: सिता sitā f.) Sugar, (white) rock sugar; Moonlight; A beautiful woman; Vernonia anthelmintica (Avalguja); white blooming durva grass; the fig species Ficus heterophylla (Trayanti); Arabian jasmine (mallika); a white blooming one Clitoria ternatea (Aparajita); a white-flowered variety of the yellowberry nightshade (kantakari); a white flowering trumpet flower tree (patali); Tabaxir (Vamshalochana).

4. Shita , (Sanskrit शीत śīta), cold, cool; n. cold, frost. Sita is an alternative spelling for shita. You can find more information about the Sanskrit word shita under the main keyword Shita

Sukadev about Sita

Transcription of a lecture video (2014) by Sukadev about Sita

Shiva as a 6-armed Mahakala

Sita is the wife of Rama, daughter of Janaka, that's why Sita is sometimes called Janaki. Sita, the Sanskrit expression, literally means “furrow”. And there is an interesting myth about it: Rama was the son of Dasaratha and there was a ruler named Janaka. Dasaratha was the ruler of one kingdom, Janaka was the ruler of another kingdom. Janaka had remained without children and so he was a bit sad, although Janaka was also a self-realized saint and wise man. Now there were rakshasas and asuras, demons, on earth, and they created all sorts of problems.

Bhumi Devi, the earth goddess turned to Vishnu and said: “Oh Vishnu, please incarnate in this world, help me.” Then Vishnu said: “Ok, I will incarnate as Rama, my next avatar will be Rama. In addition, Lakshmi will incarnate with you. Lakshmi and Bhumi Devi, you two together will assume a human form. ”So Sita was born out of a furrow, for Bhumi Devi was mother earth. Mother Earth gave birth to a baby of her own accord. This baby was a manifestation of Bhumi Devi and Lakshmi at the same time. And how did this Sita come to mankind now? It was like this: Janaka, the king, ushered in the plowing season every year by pulling the plow himself. Back then, farming was particularly important and it was important that farming be done with divine blessings.

When the time to plow came, a certain ritual was performed to receive blessings for plowing and the future harvest. The king also took part and pulled the first plow. That is why Janaka was there, operating the plow, which was pulled by a draft animal. Then, while Janaka was holding the plow when the earth was being dug up, suddenly Sita, a little girl, a little baby came out of a furrow. Janaka found Sita, born out of a furrow, and since no one else knew where the child came from, Janaka adopted the child and named it Sita, born out of a furrow.

This makes it easy to understand what Sita means and why the girl was called Sita. Later Rama married her and Sita went into exile with Rama. Then she was stolen by Ravana and regained by Rama. She went back to Ayodhya, that's a long story that you can all read here in the Yoga Wiki or on our website at www.yoga-vidya.de. Enter "Sita" in the search field above and you will find several pages about Sita, you will see several pictures of her, several paintings where she is depicted, you will learn many myths about Sita. And of course there are also a lot of kirtans, i.e. mantra chanting, where Sita plays an important role.

Sita in Ramayana

Rama crowns Sita with a wreath of flowers.

Sita is the main female character in the Hindu epic Ramayana. She is the wife of Rama and the model of feminine virtues for all Hindu women. Sita was devoted to her husband, denied herself, was brave and pure of heart.

Sita is the daughter of the earth goddess and the adopted daughter of King Janaka of Videha and his wife, Sunayana. She married Rama, the prince of Ayodhya, when she was young. Shortly after the wedding, she had to go into exile with her husband and his brother, Lakshmana. The three settled in the Dandaka forest, where Sita is kidnapped by the demon king Ravana. Rama frees her and kills Ravana. Then they return to Ayodhya, Rama becomes king and Sita becomes queen. Rama disliked Sita when he was told of Sita’s possible infidelity. Sita retired to the hermitage of sage Valmiki and gave birth to Lava and Kusha. After the adult sons got together with their father, Sita went back to her mother, the earth.

Sita means 'furrow'. Janaka found her while he was plowing what was part of the rite of sacrifice. In ancient India, Sita meant fertility and the blessings of agriculture. The Sita in Ramayana may also be named after the Vedic goddess Sita, who is mentioned once in the Rig Veda, as an earth goddess who blessed the land with crops.

Sita has other names: Janaki, as the daughter of King Janaka. Maithili as the princess of Mithila. As Rama's wife, she is called Ramá. As the daughter of the king (Janaka) of Videha, Sita is Vaidehi.


The place of birth of Sita is named differently in the individual versions of the Ramayana. Valmiki's Ramayana and Kamban's Tamil epic Ramavataram: Sita was discovered in a furrow, so she is seen as the daughter of the earth goddess. She was adopted and raised by King Janaka and his wife Sunayana.

Ramayana Manjari: In verses 344-366 of the northwest and Bengali versions of Valmiki's Ramayana, Janaka heard a voice from heaven and then saw Menaka. Janaka expresses his wish to have a child. When he finds the child, he hears the same voice again telling him that the child is his spiritual child, born of Menaka.

Janaka's true daughter: In the Ramopkhyana of the Mahabharata and in the Paumachariya of the Vimala Suri, Sita is described as the true daughter of Janakas. Later, the story of Sita's birth in the rut was inserted as a miracle in Valmiki's Ramayana.

In some versions, Sita is the reincarnation of Vedavati. Ravana proposed marriage to Vedavati, which she refused, after which Ravana made fun of Vedavati's devotion to Vishnu. She said: 'Since I was offended by you, I will be born again to destroy you'. Then she went into the fire and it rained flowers from the sky. She was reborn as Sita and the reason for Ravana's death to Rama.

Reincarnation of Manivati: According to Gunabhadras Uttara Purana from the 9th century BC, Ravana disrupts the asceticism of Manivati, the daughter of Amitavega from Alkapuri. She swears revenge on Ravana. Manivati ​​is born to Ravana and Mandodari. Astrologers foresee the downfall of Ravana triggered by this child. That is why Ravana has the child killed. Manivati ​​is placed in a basket and buried. Farmers find them working in the fields, King Janaka takes them to himself.

Ravana's daughter: In Sanghadasa's Jaina version of the Ramayana from the 5th century BC, Sita is born as Vasudevahindi Ravana as daughter. Astrologers foresee that the first child of Ravana's wife will destroy the lineage. That is why Ravana has the child killed. Vasudevahindi is buried in a distant land. Farmers find them working in the fields, King Janaka takes them to himself.

Wedding with Rama

When Sita came of marriageable age, Janaka organized a Svayamvara (self-choice of the groom) with the condition that Sita would only marry those who were able to bow Shiva's bow. Janaka knew that the bow of Shiva could not even be raised, let alone drawn, by normal mortals. Vain could not even reach him. So Janaka tried to find the best husband for Sita.

At that time, Rama and Lakshmana were guarding the fire offerings of the sage Vishvamitra. When he heard about the Svayamvara, he advised Rama to attend. Together they went to the palace of Janaka. Janaka is pleased to hear that Rama and Lakshmana are sons of Dasharatha. The next morning, Rama lifts Shiva's bow, stretches the bowstring and breaks the bow in two. In this way, Rama fulfilled Janaka's requirements for Sita to marry. The wedding takes place on Vivaha Panchami. Rama marries Sita, Bharata marries Mandavi. Lakshmana marries Urmila and Shatrughna marries Shrutakirti.

Exile and kidnapping

Shortly after the wedding, circumstances force Rama to leave Ayodhya and go into exile in the Dandaka Forest. Sita went with him. The Dandakawald becomes the scene of the abduction of Sita by the demon king Ravana. Ravana kidnaps Sita while Rama catches a golden deer for her. Ravana takes them to Lanka. Ravana expresses his affection for her again and again, but she rejects him every time. Rama sends Hanuman to look for Sita. Sita gave Hanuman a jewel and asked him to give it to Rama. However, Hanuman is arrested by Lankan troops. Hanuman's tail was set on fire as punishment for entering Lanka and meeting Sita. Hanuman, however, burned Lanka with his burning tail and returned to Rama.

Sita was freed from Rama after a fierce battle with Ravana. Rama required Sita to demonstrate her chastity by walking through a fire. It did not burn, the coals became lotus blossoms.

Rama casts Sita away

The couple returned to Ayodhya and Rama was crowned by the king. Rama believed in Sita 's chastity, but some of Rama' s counselors began to doubt that Sita should not have had a relationship with Ravana. Rama could not have a wife who had lived in another man's house. Sita had to leave the palace, she went to the hermitage of the sage Valmiki and gave birth to her two sons Kusha and Lava. She raised the sons in the hermitage. When they met with Rama one day, he recognized them as his sons. The earth opened and Sita went back into her mother, the earth.

Sita's kidnapping

Excerpt from the translation of the Ramayana by Swami Sivananda, Divine Life Society, 1996.

Ravi Varma: Ravana cuts off Jatayu's wings and kidnaps Sita.

Ravana grabbed Sita, dragged her onto his car and took her off into the air. In her distress, Sita cried: "Oh Rama, Oh Rama! Come and teach this villain a lesson, you always protect the weak." Sita saw Jatayu sitting in a tree nearby. She said to him: "Oh Jatayu, the cruel Ravana kidnapped me! Report it to Rama." Jatayu said to Ravana: "Stop doing what you do. Don't you know who Rama is? He is the ruler of the universe and Sita is his wife. Let go of her on the spot, otherwise I will fight you. You are still young, I'm already 16,000 years old. "

Jatayu began to tear the flesh from the bones with his talons and beak to Ravana. Ravana shot arrows at him. Then he took up his sword and cut off Jatayu's wings with it. Jatayu fell to the ground and Ravana vanished quickly into the sky. Sita saw five monkeys sitting on a hill. She took half of her robe and jewelry, folded it into a bundle, and tossed it down the hill. She hoped the monkeys would report to Rama. Ravana reached the great capital of Lanka and placed Sita in his palace Asokavanam. Rakshasa women surrounded them.

Rama hurried back to the hut. On the way he met Lakshmana. He severely reprimanded him for leaving Sita alone. When they got to the hut, Sita wasn't there. They looked for her but couldn't find her anywhere. Rama wailed bitterly. Then they found Jatayu bruised and wingless in the dust. Jatayu said to Rama, "Ravana came this way in his air car. He carried Sita with him. I fought him to save my mistress. You see what the monster did to me. Ravana is with Sita, in a southern direction flew away. If you hurry, you'll catch up with him. "

With these words the great Jatayu breathed out his soul. Rama said to Lakshmana, "Jatayu died because of me alone. I adore him no less than King Dasharatha." Rama himself put Jatayu's body on the pyre and lit the funeral fire. Jatayu arrived at Vishnu's abode. After that, Rama and Lakshmana made their way south-west.

Sita in Ayurveda

In the Charaka Samhita (Sutra Sthana 4.10) applies Sita (Clitoria ternatea, Girikarnika?) As part of the enumeration of the 50 Mahakashayas as Varnya.

The spiritual name Sita

Sita is Rama's wife. Sita means the one who is always connected with Rama. Sita is the power of Rama. Sita is love. Sita is actually also called the furrow, because Sita is not safe as a person, but Sita was found during ritual plowing. Which is to say, Sita comes from the earth. Sita is the goddess of nature.

Sita means that the earth is sacred, that nature is sacred and that you want to feel comfortable in nature. Sita has spent a large part of her life in nature. She was in exile with Rama in the forest. Later she was also in the Ashram of Valmiki in the forest. Sita loved nature and Sita is also considered to be the embodiment of nature. But Sita is also joy. Sita is love. Sita also means feeling joy and love, even when the outer life is not so beautiful.

Summary German Sanskrit - Sanskrit German

German white, bright; pure, louder. Sanskrit Sita
Sanskrit Sita German white, bright; pure, louder.

Similar Sanskrit words like Sita

See also


  • Ramayana
  • Swami Sivananda: Beauties of Ramayana Divine Life Society, 1996.
  • Dowson, John: A Classical Dictionary of Hindu Mythology and Religion - Geography, History and Religion; D.K. Printworld Ltd., New Delhi, India, 2005


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