What causes abdominal migraines

Abdominal migraines: Identify individual triggers using an abdominal pain diary

25.01.2017

Abdominal migraines are in many cases a precursor to migraines. Children are affected by attacks of abdominal pain that occur regularly, which are accompanied by nausea, vomiting, paleness and / or loss of appetite and possibly photophobia.

Many children suffer from frequent abdominal pain. If these occur in seizures and at regular intervals, it can be a so-called abdominal migraine or abdominal migraine. This can later turn into a "head migraine". “Parents should always have their child's abdominal pain clarified by the pediatrician in order to rule out physical causes and also to avoid falsely suspecting that their child is faking the pain. If everything points to abdominal migraine, affected children should keep a stomach pain diary with their parents to determine the triggers. Stress and lack of sleep, for example, can contribute, ”explains Dr. Stefan Razeghi, a specialist in pediatric and adolescent medicine from the Association of Pediatricians (BVKJ), who specializes in gastrointestinal diseases. The abdominal migraine occurs suddenly and is associated with nausea, vomiting, paleness and / or loss of appetite and possibly photophobia. The center of the pain seems to be around the belly button. Most of the time, those affected have to lie down and cannot go about their daily activities. The attack can last from an hour to three days.

An estimated 1 to 4% of all children suffer from abdominal migraines - mainly in elementary school age. The causes of abdominal migraines have not yet been clarified. “Relaxation procedures and stimulus shielding can alleviate the symptoms. If the abdominal pain turns into a migraine, it can be treated well with medication, while there are only few recommendations for effective drugs for abdominal migraine, ”adds Dr. Razeghi. In many cases, the seizures go away by puberty.

An interview on this topic with Dr. You can find Stefan Razeghi in the ZDF media library at www.zdf.de.

Sources: CME, Springermedizin, Pediatrics & Pedology
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