Who suffers more often from migraine headaches

migraine : Causes, symptoms and remedies for the headache

Almost every adult is familiar with headaches, and an alarming number of children are already plagued by it. About 10% of the population is said to suffer from migraines - the unilateral headache, which is often accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and noise. Migraines occur three to four times more often in women than in men.

Causes of Migraines

The exact causes of migraines are still unknown. Experts believe that the disease is genetic, as migraine often affects family members.

Trigger factors - different triggers for migraine attacks

There are many different factors that can trigger a migraine: hormonal fluctuations, stress, lack of sleep or even food can be responsible for the severe headache. Most of the time, however, an interplay of various factors is responsible for migraines.

Symptoms: when is it a migraine?

Those affected often experience migraines in four phases. In the early stages, symptoms such as mood swings, nausea and cravings appear. This phase of the migraine can last from several hours to two days. Some patients then suffer from visual and sensory perception and / or visual disturbances in the so-called aura phase. After 30 to 60 minutes, the actual headache phase of the migraine follows, usually a one-sided pulsating, throbbing pain. Symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and noise can also occur. These symptoms can last up to three days before they subside in the resolution phase. In the recovery phase, the well-being of those affected returns. The patients still feel tired and exhausted until they have fully recovered after about twelve to 24 hours.

What to do about migraines

They have headaches, impaired vision and the light becomes torture - in such situations migraine sufferers retreat to darkened rooms. The acute headache should then be treated with a pain reliever, possibly with an anti-nausea medication. In the guidelines of the DMKG for the treatment of migraines, over-the-counter pain relievers are initially recommended. One of the special migraine drugs, naratriptan, is also available over the counter from pharmacies. However, headache experts advise against taking the drug from the triptan family until a doctor has made the diagnosis. Because it doesn't work against other types of headache. Doctors believe that anyone who has to cope with more than two migraine attacks a month and longer attacks should also take medication that has a preventative effect against migraines. This at least attenuates migraine attacks, so that fewer painkillers are then necessary. In the meantime, studies have shown that psychological and behavioral medical procedures serve this purpose just as well as drugs. The experts therefore recommend combining these procedures alone or with medication.

Doctors advise: Document migraines in a diary

Those who suffer from chronic migraines can observe over the years in which situations they are particularly noticeable. Patients who are familiar with such “triggers” can do their best to avoid them. Doctors recommend keeping a diary for this purpose and documenting the headache. This records the time and circumstances of the migraine. In addition to foods such as cheese, changes in sleeping habits are usually mentioned: Both too much and too little sleep can lead to headaches or migraines. Many suffer from headaches after they finally slept to their heart's content on the weekend.

Women suffer three or more times as often from migraines; it has to do with the hormones. In fact, women under the age of 50 are particularly plagued by migraines. The hormonal ups and downs during the monthly cycle are considered to be an important trigger. In particular, at the beginning of the monthly rules, women are said to suffer from migraines. Then the level of the female sex hormone estrogen is particularly low. In some cases, the pill or a hormonal patch will help.

Support groups can help

In self-help groups, experiences can be exchanged on how best to get through life with chronic migraines. How to deal with the pain of migraines There is often not enough time at the doctor's for this. Some self-help groups therefore regularly invite experts to give lectures on individual aspects of migraines.

Many sufferers have found that social life suffers from regular migraines. Those who constantly have to turn down friends because of migraines can fear that they will no longer be invited. In the case of numerous migraine sufferers, relationships are permanently affected, and some have even lost their jobs due to their chronic migraines. Under these circumstances there can be no question of suffering from luxury.

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