When did Germany become a sovereign nation?

50 years of sovereignty

April 22, 2005 | Of:

Hanns Jürgen Küsters

Hanns Jürgen Küsters

To person

Dr. rer. pol., born 1952; Privatdozent for the science of politics and contemporary history at the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn and head of the Edition Documents on Germany Policy, Federal Archives. Federal Border Guard Road 100, 53757 Sankt Augustin.
Email: [email protected]

The Paris Treaties of October 23, 1954 eliminated the occupation regime of the Western powers, gave the Federal Republic the full power of a sovereign state and sealed Germany's accession to NATO.


When the Paris Treaties came into force on May 5, 1955, they marked the first major turning point in the history of the Federal Republic of Germany. Ten years had passed since the unconditional surrender of the German Wehrmacht and the assumption of supreme power in Germany by the four main victorious Allied powers of the Second World War.

"We are a free and independent state", which "has now regained sovereignty and thus freedom", [1] proclaimed Chancellor Konrad Adenauer proudly, thereby strengthening the self-confidence of the young Federal Republic. But he knew exactly: Their sovereignty was defined politically and was subject to insurmountable restrictions as long as Germany was divided and there was no peace settlement with all four powers.