What is child care

Nannies support parents in the care, upbringing and care of children. The job is quite demanding and requires some skills. You can find out the details here.

Nanny - too socio-educational assistants - are an indispensable part of the daily life of many families. Supporting or even replacing parents, they mainly take care of them Care for toddlers and babies. But also older children and young people are partly looked after by nannies. If you enjoy working with adolescents and would like to take on responsibility, the job of nanny is an interesting option. The job is very diverse and offers a lot of variety. Routine has no chance in everyday life with children.

tasks and activities

Nannies help educators, educators and nurses in their work. The job profile includes care tasks, educational activities, nursing tasks and the support of children's play. Handicrafts, painting and singing are integral parts of the profession. But also the Preparation of meals or help with personal hygiene are part of it.

Supply tasks

Typical supply tasks in the area of ​​childcare are the preparation of meals and the feeding of small children. Nanny plan age-appropriate meals for children, buy groceries and help the little ones eat. In addition, they promote orderly and cleaning work that is directly related to caring for children. For example, they help children choose and care for suitable clothing, or they organize parties and celebrations. It is important that the children be involved in all care activities. In this way, they develop their own skills and attitudes based on the example of the nanny.

Educational activities

Every child is different. That is why it is part of the daily tasks of nannies observe the behavior of individual children and small groups. They recognize the children's different inclinations, needs and levels of development - the basis for intervening educationally. Childcare providers offer various activities for awareness and movement experience. You take on subtasks play outdoors or supervise children playing. They support social learning processes and promote the language development of the little ones.

Nursing duties

An important part of the activities of socio-educational assistants is the care of children in all their facets. This includes measures of hygiene and personal hygiene. Child carers support small children in cleaning themselves up. They help them wash and dress or take care of them in the event of illness. They make sure that the regulations on infection protection are adhered to and that they are implemented preventive measures to maintain health. Accident prevention and the implementation of first aid in an emergency are also part of it. The scope of the nursing activities depends in each individual case on the institution and the child's level of development.

Support of child play

Childish play: For many nannies, this is the most beautiful part of their job. They create play situations in appropriate rooms and accompany the children as they play freely. They provide suitable materials, take up game ideas and develop them further. They also designed play areas and offer free and semi-skilled activities for children different areas at. They do handicrafts, paint, dance, sing and make music. They carry out sporting activities or familiarize children with the flora and fauna.

Typical employers

The areas of application of nannies are very different. Many work in crèches, kindergartens or day nurseries. There they look after children of a certain age group. But they can also find employment in children's homes and dormitories for people with disabilities. Come next All-day schools, recreation and holiday homes, children's hospitals and children's clinics as employers in question. Also possible: In some cases, nannies are employed in private households with children.


Nanny is a very varied profession. Everyday life with children can be designed in a variety of ways. The places of work of socio-educational assistants are correspondingly different. On the one hand, they spend a lot of time in common rooms, living rooms and play rooms. On the other hand, they regularly go to eating and sleeping rooms as well as sanitary facilities with the children. In addition, they spend part of their working hours outdoors. For example, they go to the forest, to playgrounds, to the park or to the swimming pool.

Training as a nanny

Social pedagogical assistant or nanny is a state-recognized training occupation. To learn it, you complete it first a school education. This takes place at a vocational school or a vocational college. It is regulated by state law and takes two to three years. You will not receive any remuneration during your training. Rather, some schools incur costs for training. These include, for example, school fees as well as admission and examination fees. In any case, you have to pay for teaching materials yourself.

In some federal states, school training is followed by a one-year internship. However, an internship fee is provided for this. In public service institutions, you get around 1,450 euros gross per month. The same applies to institutions whose providers adhere to the collective bargaining agreements of the public service. At the end of the training, you will take a written, oral and practical exam. If you pass it successfully, you will receive the job title "State-approved nanny" / "State-approved nanny" awarded.

Content of the training

During the nanny training you will acquire the necessary specialist knowledge and practical skills for your future profession. The curriculum includes subjects such as social pedagogy, developmental psychology, arts and crafts, music, movement studies, housekeeping, food preparation and health studies. Hence, you do your education not just in the classroom.

Gyms, kitchens, sports fields, gardens and workshops provide plenty of variety. You will learn about age-appropriate activities for children, the correct handling of conflicts and the right care for the little ones.


For the training to become a socio-educational assistant, as a rule a secondary school diploma or a secondary school diploma demands. Good grades in art, works, music and biology increase the chances of getting an apprenticeship. The vocational schools select suitable applicants according to their own criteria. In addition to school education, so-called Soft skills (personal, social and methodological skills) play a decisive role.

Personal and social skills

If you want to work with children
, you need some talent and skills. Basic requirements are a sense of responsibility and danger, ability to deal with conflict, resistance to stress and artistic and creative skills. To be added mental stability and empathy.

On the one hand, you have to be able to get involved with the various problems children have. On the other hand, the job requires maintaining a professional distance. Furthermore are Diligence, patience, good communication skills and creativity of great advantage. But the most important thing: children are important to you.

Further training and career opportunities

If you finish your nanny training with an average of 3.0 or better, you acquire the secondary school leaving certificate at the same time. This opens the door to further training for a medical or social profession. For example, educators, family carers, geriatric carers, social pedagogues or curative pedagogues come into question. There are also a number of advanced training courses, for example on the subject of parenting advice, curative education or psychomotor skills.

If you then acquire the advanced technical college entrance qualification, you can complete further training to become a specialist in education or business economist in social affairs. These degrees enable you to To take on tasks in the organization and management. How about a management position in a socio-educational institution? Or you can choose to study education, Waldorf education or educational psychology. The Further training opportunities are versatile, the career ladder has several levels.


The salary of nannies varies. On the one hand, it depends on the employeron the other hand, on the age, professional experience and area of ​​responsibility of the employee. The training is not remunerated. The starting salary is between 1,400 and 1,800 euros gross; in public institutions, remuneration is based on the collective agreement.

The exact amount depends on the respective federal state. As you gain work experience, you will receive regular salary increases. Private employers pay at least the prescribed minimum wage. In East Germany this is 9.50 euros per hour, in West Germany and Berlin 10.20 per hour (as of 01/01/2017).


Nanny is a great job. Provided you like children. The work offers endless variety. Every day is different. Again and again you can discover, try and learn new things together with children - Boredom is impossible. It is important that you like to take on responsibility, are resilient and get involved in unpaid school education. After school, you have numerous employment and training opportunities.

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