How big is the Iliamna lake
Iliamna lake - Iliamna Lake
Satellite image of Lake Iliamna
|place||Lake and Peninsula District, Alaska|
|Coordinates||59 ° 32'12 "N 155 ° 01'28" W /. 59.53667 ° N 155.02444 ° W. / 59.53667; -155.02444 Coordinates: 59 ° 32'12 "N 155 ° 01'28" W. /. 59.53667 ° N 155.02444 ° W. / 59.53667; -155.02444|
|Local name||Nanvarpak, Nila Vena|
|Primary tributaries||Newhalen River, Illiamna River, Pile River, Copper River|
|Primary drains||Kvichak river|
|Basin countries||United States|
|Max. Length||124 km|
|Max. Width||35 km|
|surface||1,012.5 square miles (2,622 km 2 )|
|Average depth||44 m|
|Max depth||301 m|
|Water volume||27.7 cu mi (115 km 3 )|
|Dwell time||7.8 years|
|Surface height||14 m|
|Settlements||Iliamna, Newhalen, Kokhanok, Pedro Bay, Igiugig|
The Iliamna lake or the Iliamna lake (Yup'ik: Nanvarpak ; Dena'ina Athabascan: Nila Vena ) is a lake in southwest Alaska at the northern end of the Alaska Peninsula between Kvichak Bay and Cook Inlet, about 160 km away. west of Seldovia, Alaska.
It is the largest lake in Alaska, the third largest lake in the United States, and the twenty-fourth in North America. Lake Iliamna covers an area of about 2,600 km 2 and is 124 km long and up to 35 km wide. The maximum depth is 301 m and the water flows through the Kvichak River into Bristol Bay.
Local residents have a number of stories about the alleged Lake Iliamna monster, an unknown aquatic creature. There is speculation that reported sightings may be an undocumented population of white sturgeon. If so, this would be the northernmost known population, just a few hundred miles from the Arctic Circle. Jeremy Wade, host of Animal Planet's River Monsters, is among those who speculate that these sightings of an alleged "monster" are a white sturgeon. Others believe it is a Pacific sleeper shark. This is confirmed by a 2012 YouTube video showing a smaller Pacific sleeper shark in Lake Iliamna. There were several new sightings in 2017. The Anchorage Daily News once offered a price of $ 100,000 for concrete evidence of their existence.
The lake is identified as "Oz [ero] Bol [shoy] Ilyamna" (Great Lake Ilyamna) on the 1455 map of the Russian Hydrographic Department published in 1852. On an earlier Russian map, the lake was named "Oz" from 1802 [ero] Shelekhovo '(Lake Shelekov) after the Russian explorer Grigory Shelekhov. According to GC Martin of the United States Geological Survey, Iliamna is said to be "the name of a mythical large black fish that is believed to inhabit this lake that bites holes in the bidarkas of evil natives."
The name Iliamna is derived from the inland Dena'ina Athabascan name Exit Nila Vena, what island lake means.
Williamsport-Pile Bay Road Portage
Williamsport-Pile Bay Road was originally built by the Alaska Road Commission in the mid-1930s and is a utility-grade road maintained by the Alaska Department of Transportation & Public Facilities. The road connects Pile Bay on the northeast side of the lake with Williamsport, a tiny settlement on the Iliamna Bay of Cook Inlet (about 160 km southwest of Homer). It is 15 miles long and one lane wide with four bridges. Williamsport-Pile Bay Road is maintained as a gravel road for the transport of boats and cargo and is not for general use. The road allowed boats small enough to be towed across the road bridges at an opportunity to portage from Cook Inlet to Bristol Bay, saving a voyage on the open seas that includes traveling around the Alaska Peninsula. For this and other reasons, the road is believed to reduce fuel costs significantly for the Lake Iliamna and Bristol Bay regions.
The villages of Iliamna, Newhalen, Kokhanok, Pedro Bay, Pope-Vannoy Landing and Igiugig are on the shores of Lake Iliamna.
Flora and fauna
Lake Iliamna is known for its sport fishing. The three main fishing destinations in the lake are trout, salmon and grayling. August through September is the best time to catch fat rainbow trout, some of which are longer than 30 cm. The Kvichak River Policy (the drainage of Lake Iliamna) provides for the catching and releasing of trout (and all other native fish), but not salmon. Sockeye salmon and red (king) wax are regularly found in the lake and can be harvested according to the regulations of the Alaska Department of Fish and Game Regulations. Lake Iliamna also has one of the few populations of freshwater seals in the world. It also serves as a kindergarten for the world's largest sockeye salmon run. Red salmon spends half of its 5-year lifespan in fresh water. This is longer than any other type of salmon.
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