What are the basic stitches of knitting

Basic stitches cross stitch embroidery, and knot stitch

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Here you will find the basic stitches cross stitch embroidery, supplemented by the knot stitch with which areas are accentuated and motif details are emphasized

Basic stitches cross stitch embroidery. Two cross-stitch variations are also listed where the front and back look nice. They are particularly suitable for embroidery that can be seen on both sides during use.

Basic stitches cross stitch embroidery

Before stitch

This contour stitch creates an airy, somewhat playful effect. The stitches are just as long as the distance between them. They move the needle through the fabric with regular movements.

Back stitch

This stitch gives you a continuous, slightly raised line. It is the reason for the looped back stitch. It is preferred for edging and decorative lines. You work it from right to left. The stitch lengths on the back are twice as long as those on the front.

Wrapped back stitch

This stitch makes a thicker, stronger-looking line than the back stitch. Worked in two colors, it is particularly appealing. To achieve this effect. First, complete a back stitch line. Then loop the second color around the back stitches with a blunt needle (so as not to pierce the fabric).


Basic stitches cross stitch embroidery, cross stitch

There are several ways to create effects with the cross stitch. Basically, all cover stitches should go in the same direction, usually from bottom left to top right. To bring light and shadow effects into a piece of work. You can vary the cover stitch direction in groups.



This technique results in slightly raised stitches. You will finish every single stitch before starting the next one. Fine detail work should be embroidered this way. To fill areas, cross stitches in rows. First a row (with basic stitches) from right to left, then a row of cover stitches from left to right. When using the basic row of stitches alone. It's called half stitch.

Cross stitch


Basic stitches cross stitch embroidery, alternating cross stitch

You knit this cross stitch variant in four work steps. This creates cross stitches on both the front and the back of the fabric. However, you will need more embroidery floss for this process. First embroider every other basic stitch from right to left, then the missing stitches from left to right in the gaps. In the following two steps you knit the cover stitches in the same way.

Alternating cross stitch


Basic stitches cross stitch embroidery, cross stitch with box stitch - reverse side

Each stitch shows a cross on the front and a square of four straight stitches on the back. The box stitch is used in particular to embroider letters and monograms on household linen and clothes. Be careful that sometimes you need to add an extra stitch to complete a square on the back.

Cross stitch with box stitch - reverse side


Basic stitches cross stitch embroidery, double-sided cross stitch

As with the two-way cross stitch, you also get an identical pattern on both sides of the fabric with the double-sided cross stitch in four work steps. Two half stitches must be sewn at the beginning of every second and every fourth row. Start on the left and sew every other half stitch. Put an extra stitch in the right side before completing the half stitches with a cover stitch from right to left. Do the same to sew the missing cross stitches. Don't forget to add an additional half stitch when changing from the third to the fourth work step. When embroidering letters, you may need to cross stitch over a stitch in order to stay in line. Work very carefully.

Double-sided cross stitch



Cross stitch areas are emphasized by edging with knots. Details can also be emphasized with this stitch. Try sewing this stitch with three or four contrasting threads at the same time. Put the needle through the fabric and loosely wrap the thread around the needle two or three times with your free hand. Tighten the thread around the needle and pull it through the spiral thread. Push the needle back through the fabric near the cut-out point.



More stick stitches

1 loop stitches are stitches that consist of loops

2 knot stitches, interesting structures with knot stitches

3 flat stitches are quite easy to learn, the variety seems almost endless

4 Simple cross stitch, an easy to learn decorative stitch

Category: Embroidery