Can replace jute plastic
Jute instead of plastic?
Anyone who tries to spend even a day without using plastic will quickly reach their limits.
Plastic and plastic products have become an integral part of our everyday life. That is why the plastic waste will deface our planet for a long time to come. It takes about 200 years for a plastic bag to decompose.
Every year we use billions of tons of plastic worldwide.
Only a tiny part is recycled or burned in waste incineration plants and thus at least used for energy production
The rest ends up somewhere - in deserted deserts or in the oceans.
There are numerous documentations that show the enormous amounts of plastic in the oceans and the immense damage it causes.
The film Plastic Planet by Werner Boote is particularly recommended.
It is not just the fact that plastic does not degrade in nature that is problematic, but also the many toxic ingredients.
Bisphenol A. (hormone-active substance that can reduce the fertility of male mammals),
PCB (Polychlorinated biphenyls - carcinogenic chemical chlorine compound).
These substances get into the soil, into the water and thus into the entire natural cycle and thus also into the human blood.Plastic waste gradually releases toxins
A plastic that would naturally decompose without releasing harmful substances would be a blessing.
Cellophane, for example, is considered “organic” because it is made from renewable raw materials instead of petroleum.
But even cellophane is usually coated and therefore does not rot.
Most biodegradable plastics are mixed with normal plastics. As a result, the compost material is contaminated by many non-degradable substances.
«Compostable» bioplastic is certified according to the European standard EN 13432.
However, this standard only states that the products are compostable under certain industrial conditions.
Bio-plastics such as compobags, whose rotting works in the laboratory, can still be detected in the compost after a year.Jute fleece
Can plastic be replaced?
Would "jute instead of plastic" be the solution? Yes and no, because there is no substance that can completely replace plastic. Plastic is the 20th and 21st century fabric. No single renewable raw material can simply replace the masses of plastic required. Only the expected oil shortage will force us to adopt a fundamentally different relationship to packaging and consumption.
But even now, a conscious use of materials, e.g. in horticulture, disaster control or road construction, could make a contribution to a cleaner environment. And not only that, jute is also more useful and practical in many applications.
For example, jute sacks are not only biodegradable as flood protection, but also lie securely on top of each other due to their swelling effect when exposed to floods. In contrast to this, PP sacks are at risk of slipping into one another when wet.
It is also questionable why plastic is still used in horticulture, e.g. as ball protection. The plastic remains permanently in the ground, while jute or coconut not only decompose, but also serve as fertilizer.
During the great tsunami in Asia in 2002, plastic bags were mainly used, which as witnesses to this catastrophe will continue to mar the beaches, coral reefs and seas. Although jute is grown and processed directly in these countries, European or American plastic manufacturers have probably done good business with it.
Jute is a renewable raw material and can therefore only be used to a certain extent as a substitute.
So jute is not good for saving the world, but keeping it a little cleaner.
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