How do I find Finnish friends online
Shine with your Finland knowledge
It's not enough for a doctoral thesis on Finland, but on this page you will find enough information to impress your friends.
- population: 5.5 million, population density 18.2 inhabitants / square km
- Life expectancy: Men 79 years, women 84 years
- languages: The official languages are Finnish (87.3%) and Swedish (5.2%). Sámi is a native language of 2,000 people. They are members of the Sami indigenous population of northern Lapland.
- religion: Christianity; 68.7% of the population are Evangelical Lutheran and around 1.1% Russian Orthodox. In fact, Finnish society is largely secularized.
State & Government
- independence: declared December 6, 1917; Before that, it was a Grand Duchy of the Russian Empire for 108 years and part of Sweden even earlier for 600 years
- Form of government: Republic, parliamentary democracy
- houses of Parliament: Unicameral parliament with 200 members who are elected by direct election every four years (the next election in 2023)
- cabinet: Coalition government. The current head of government is Sanna Marin.
- President: The current head of state is Sauli Niinistö, who was re-elected in 2012 and 2018.
- International cooperation: Member of the United Nations since 1955 and of the European Union since 1995
Society & Economy
- Key Features: High level of education and social security and health care at a high level; everything financed by the state
- GDP per capita: 43,485 euros (2019)
- Main export: Electronics, metal products, machinery, automotive parts, wood and paper products, chemicals
- Main import: Raw materials, capital goods, energy, consumer goods (e.g. cars and textiles)
- Currency unit: Euro
Geography & Climate
- surface: 338,440 km², fifth largest country in Western Europe
- Length from north to south: 1.157 km
- East to West latitude: 542 km
- Capital: Helsinki (1.5 million inhabitants in their catchment area)
- climate: Strongly diverging; cold winters and fairly warm summers (2019 extreme temperatures: coldest day in Utsjoki -39.1 C, warmest day in Porvoo 33.7 C)
Sources: Finnish Statistical Office, National Customs Service, Population Register Office, Lapland Provincial State Authority, Localfinland.fi
Updated April 2020
Ideas for a better life: Millennium Technology Prize in livestream and online innovation forum
The 2020 Millennium Technology Prize winner will be announced in a live-streamed ceremony on May 18. Following the ceremony, a virtual event will take place online on May 19, the Millennium Innovation Forum.
What do Finns do in their free time?
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Facts and feelings: do taxes make Finns happy?
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Music, art, sport, adventure ... Many Finnish day-care centers attract with their strong focus. But in the end it's all about having a good childhood.
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