How are broad spectrum antibiotics made

Definition An antibiotic is a drug whose active ingredient can kill bacteria or prevent them from multiplying. Originally, antibiotics were made from natural substances such as mold. Today most antibiotics are manufactured artificially. The best-known antibiotic is penicillin.

Many antibiotics can be used as so-called broad spectrum antibiotics against a large number of different germs. However, antibiotics are also being developed that only fight certain bacteria such as staphylococci. Antibiotics are ineffective against viruses.

Antibiotics can be taken as tablets, juice, or given as an infusion. As ointments, they are used externally and locally. Since antibiotics can cause various side effects such as gastrointestinal complaints or allergic reactions, the instruction leaflet should always be observed. Antibiotics should be avoided during pregnancy as they can damage the embryo. Contraception is unsafe because it interacts with hormones contained in the pill.

It is important that the patient strictly adheres to the dose and duration of intake prescribed by the doctor, otherwise bacteria can survive and trigger a new infection. There is a relapse. In addition, the frequent use or improper intake of antibiotics leads to the development of bacteria resistance to the active substances. In hospitals in particular, bacterial strains have developed against which the known antibiotics are ineffective.