Can a passenger leave a traffic obstruction

Traffic safety

Catalog of fines security

DescriptionFinePointsDriving ban F ban
Driving without a seat belt (even in coaches!)30 €
1 child not secured according to regulations (for example, obligation to wear a seat belt and secured with a belt, but without a child seat)30 €
... several children35 €
1 child without any safety device (without seatbelt and child seat)60 €1
... several children70 €1
Safety helmet obligation not observed15 €
Before driving, windows not cleared of ice sufficiently or otherwise restricted view more than permitted10 €
Driving with impaired hearing (music that is too loud)10 €
Using a cell phone or car phone without a hands-free system:
... as a driver with the engine running100 €1
... as a cyclist55 €
The equipment of the vehicle is not adapted to the weather conditions (e.g. driven without winter tires)60 €1
... with traffic obstruction80 €1

FAQ: Road Safety

What exactly does traffic safety mean?

Road safety means that everyone can participate in road traffic without being harmed. So the main thing is to avoid accidents.

What is part of road safety and what rules and measures are included?

The above-mentioned goal can only be achieved if all road users behave considerately and exercise constant caution. In addition, everyone must adhere to the rules of the road traffic regulations. This also includes the requirement to use the sound system and load securing.

Who do you have to wear seat belts?

Seat belts are mandatory for all vehicle occupants, including children. If the offspring is under 12 years of age or less than 1.50 m, they are only allowed to ride in a child seat.

Further information on the topic of road safety:

The great guide to security breaches

Vehicle drivers of cars, motorcycles and the like are always exposed to risks in road traffic. To according to the traffic law one highest possible level of security To ensure that, road users are urged to take certain Safety rules and aspects to be observed.

Unfortunately, many vehicle drivers are still very careless about the topic Traffic safety around. Violations of the Seatbelt compulsory, Cell phone at the wheel, winter suitability of the car, restricted view or load securing are part of everyday life.

A Penalty notice with a heavy penalty is often the result. Because the catalog of fines for road safety is intended to discourage. In our guide we will show you how what consequences Security sinners have to reckon with and like you too Contribution to more safety in road traffic can afford.

Further information on the topic of "Road safety for children":

Seat belt and child seat: more safety in the car

For many drivers, that is Putting on the seat belt annoying, but who his health does not want to jeopardize unnecessarily, should always make sure that all occupants in the car are buckled up.

This makes it possible to avoid getting to know the catalog of fines and the table of fines it contains, and not the one either Loss of insurance coverage to risk in the event of an accident. It is not for nothing that the StVO and traffic law see one Seatbelt compulsory in front. Important Information and tips The following is all about buckling up, seat belts, compulsory seat belts and child seats.

Seatbelt compulsory

Seat belts were compulsory in Germany in 1970 introduced, but initially limited to the driver and front passenger. 1976 the seat belt requirement for cars was extended and so must all vehicle occupants put on the seat belt. Seat belts are compulsory in § 21a of the StVO regulated accordingly: Mandatory seat belts must be worn while driving.

With the introduction of seatbelts, the number of serious seatbelts has increased Personal injury Vehicle occupants not wearing their seat belts significantly reduced in the event of an accident, but many drivers disregard continue to wear the seat belt. Some are too comfortable, others too forgetful and still others feel very safe in the car even without a seat belt and do without it carelessness to buckle up.

Last but not least, this is the Airbag euphoria Thanks to the fact that some motorists had the idea that the Air sacs offer so much protection that additional buckling up is not considered mandatory necessary is seen. As a result, the seat belt is not put on.

Relying on the airbag alone is dangerous. After all, it only opens at higher speeds and cannot protect against serious damage without a combination with a seat belt. On the contrary, because you mustn't forget that a Airbag even deadly can be because of the rapid development severe facial and chest injuries can be caused.

Seat belts are compulsory in Traffic law not in vain and every motorist should always remember that the risk of becoming serious in the event of an accident is up life threatening injuries tightening without a seat belt is much higher!

Child seat: important information and tips

Traffic law applies entirely to the transport of children in the car special precautions. The StVO requires that children under 12 years or children up to a height of 150 centimeters have to ride in a child seat. This security obligation exists in all motor vehicles for which seat belts are required, especially cars.

There is no exception to the obligation to provide security for children and there is no such provision must never be neglected, because otherwise the seat belt cannot be attached correctly without the child seat and not as with Adult runs on the body. Even if you only have one very short distance Having to deal with in the car is never on that Use of the child seat to renounce. Because in the event of an accident, according to the German Road Safety Council (DVR) the risk of serious injury to the child / children seven times so big!

In addition, the StVO also includes the use of backward directed child protection systems / baby seats that are placed on the front passenger seat. So are rear-facing child seats on the Passenger seat prohibited if there is a passenger airbag in the car.

Became the Passenger airbag of one Specialist workshop deactivated, however, transport on the front passenger seat is permitted. In addition, always offer more Vehicle manufacturer appropriate technical solutions with which the front passenger airbag can be in Self-directed can be switched off.

Where should children sit in the car?
As a general rule, children should definitely be on the rear Bench should be placed. In exceptional cases, a child may only take a seat in the front passenger seat if all rear seats are occupied by children.

  • In the back in the middle is the safest place in the car for children according to the Auto Club Europa (ACE). Because here is the supposed child of all Collision points as far away as possible.
  • The second best seating position for children is space on the back seat behind the passenger seat. Especially since parents and children are on the sidewalk side when getting in and out and not on the more dangerous road.

In this context, it must always be ensured that when transporting children, the Parental controls is activated on the doors.

Children in the passenger seat

Children would like to be taken in the passenger seat, although this is basically the case allowed is. But here, too, the following applies: Children under 12 years of age or who are smaller than 150 centimeters must always be in one child seat secured.

The passenger seat must be in the rearmost position Otherwise there is a risk of serious injuries in a minor accident. Always pay attention to the operation manual of Child seat manufacturer, especially since the installation there may be restrictions on the passenger seat from the manufacturer.

Child seats: division into different classes
Child seats are divided into a total of five classes, with body weight playing an important role in this context:

  • Child seat class 0: Body weight of less than 10 kg (approximately up to nine months)
  • Child seat class 0+: Body meal less than 13 kg (approximately up to two years)
  • Child seat class I.: Body weight from 9 kg to 18 kg (up to about three years)
  • Child seat class II: Body weight from 15 kg to 25 kg (around three to six years)
  • Child seat class III: Body weight from 22 kg to 36 kg (around six to twelve years)

Allowed in trade no other classes Tobe offered. The weight information on the child seat relates to the child's body weight, with seat cushions with an approvalup to 36 kilograms may also be used for heavy children.

Buying a child seat: what to look out for?
If the Child's head reaches the upper edge of the shell, you should buy a new child seat. The Age and weight of the child are used for orientation when making the selection, but the decisive factor is the size. When buying a child seat in the Specialized trade be sure to give thorough advice and also act on it Comparisons back from independent institutions.

Restraint For children, regardless of whether they are a child seat or a baby seat, they must have official approval (ECE test sticker). Based on this ECE standard mark can be across Europe recognize standardized child seats.

In addition, are Brand, model, test standard as well as the Weight class recorded. Child seats with the test standards ECE E44 / 01 and ECE E44 / 02 have been banned since April 2008. Officially approved are since then only child restraint systems that the ECE regulation 44 in the updated version 03 and 04 (designation: ECE-R 44/03 and ECE-R 44/04).

Fine for failure to wear seat belts

Anyone who does not drive with seat belts and is caught will receive a fine with a fine of 30 euro. AlsoPassengers in coaches must wear seat belts, if seat belts are available. A driving ban is generally not to be feared in the event of violations. In addition, the table of fines in the catalog of fines also provides for penalties (notice of fines, points) if children are not properly secured in the vehicle, although the legislature is understandably stricter on this point.

Becomes a Child without any security (Child seat, belt) will be fined 60 euro due. Additionally 1 point in Flensburg. If you take several children with you without any security, i.e. without a child seat and without a belt, the fine increases according to the fine calculator 70 euros, plus there is 1 point. Were not children according to regulations secured (for example with a seat belt, but without a child seat), the fine amounts to 30 euros for one child and 35 euros for several children.
The following overview from the table of fines shows once again the catalog of fines for belt compulsory.

  • Driving without a seat belt (also in coaches): 30 euros fine
  • 1 child not secured according to regulations (for example with a belt, but without a child seat): 30 euros fine
  • Several children not secured according to regulations (for example with a belt, but without a child seat): 35 euros fine
  • 1 child without any security: 60 euros fine, 1 point
  • Several children without any backup: 70 euros fine, 1 point

Further information on road safety when transporting children:

Seat belt obligation for passengers: who is responsible?

Passenger not wearing seat belts, who is paying? Many drivers ask themselves this question. But who will in this case asked to checkout become? The driver or the Belt grouch himself? Every adult person is fundamentally responsible for himself, this also applies to them own safety and thus also when buckling up.

Only when in the vehicle Children or people who cannot make decisions for themselves on their own, are carried, the driver has a Due diligencewhich of course he also has to comply with. Still, it can't hurt if the driver got one mature co-driver, who turns out to be a seat belt grouch, draws your attention to wearing your seat belt.

Exceptions: When is it not compulsory to wear seat belts?

As in many areas, there are exceptions to the rule when wearing seat belts. Motor vehicle drivers in Germany have to take them with them when driving Walking pace or at Drive backwards not be buckled up. The same also applies to Door-to-door transport.

In addition, you can also be exempted from the seat belt requirement, if due medical indications a corresponding application is approved by the tourist office.

The following is an overview of the exceptions to the mandatory seat belt according to the StVO (§ 21a).

Mandatory seat belts must be worn while driving. This does not apply to:

  • People at Door-to-door transportif they regularly have to leave their vehicle at short intervals in the respective service or delivery district
  • Rides with Walking pace how Drive backwards, Rides on Parking lots
  • Rides in Buses and coachesthat are permitted to carry standing passengers
  • the Operating personnel in buses and coaches and that Escort staff of special Groups of people in need of care during services that require leaving your seat
  • Passengers in buses and coaches with a permissible total weight of more than 3.5 t when leaving the seat for a short time.

Notes on exemption from wearing seat belts

In order to be exempt from wearing seat belts, you have to go to the Initial and follow-up applications a medical certificate must be presented. This must confirm that you are due to a medical findings is to be released from the obligation to wear seat belts, whereby the diagnosis need not appear from the certificate.

For that, the medical certificate but indicate for which one Period a vehicle driver cannot put on the seat belt, whereby the general rule is that the exemption from wearing seat belts is no longer than real necessary may be. In the case of a permanent condition, confirmed by the doctor, which cannot be improved, the seat belt may be compulsory for an unlimited period To get picked up.

It is also important that the doctor must take into account that there are different types of belts. So could be an alternative to the usual 3-point belt a so-called due to illness Harness belt come into use. If this is possible, may no exemption from wearing seat belts be granted because the retrofitting of the vehicle is reasonable.

Not buckled up: What can happen in a car accident

That the seat belt is more important in accidents positive as has negative consequences, is by numerous statistics occupied. And so many road users owe their lives to the seat belt because they have had an accident buckled up were.

Nevertheless may not concealed that it will be quite too Examples there, in which the seat belt is more likely in accidents harmful has had an effect. But these fall with about 1 percent vanishingly small. The ADAC, on the other hand, found out in simulated accidents (crash tests) that supposedly low speeds of 30 km / h the seat belt the Protects vehicle occupants. Those who are not buckled up, on the other hand, run the risk of very serious, often fatal injuries. The following overview shows what can happen if you have an accident without a seat belt:

  • Knees hit that dashboard
  • The head, larynx and / or chest hit it with full force steering wheel
  • Head / forehead bounces against or penetrates the Windshield
  • Neck becomes wide overstretched
  • collision with the head of the Co-driver

According to Security researchers correspond to the loads of a rear-end collision with a speed of 30 km / h jumping onto the pavement from a height of four meters. Accordingly, vehicle occupants who are not buckled up with serious injuries must Head, neck, chest and knee areas calculate.

But there is an enormous and momentous situation not only for the driver and front passenger Risk of injury in the event of an accident without wearing a seat belt, but also for passengers on the Back seat. Already at Tempo 30 is the Impact force so big that you can be thrown forward and seriously injured. In addition, there is a risk that this will result in the driver and front passenger crushed become.

Not buckled up: Trouble with insurance threatens

Who is not buckled up and actually in one accident but not only serious threats health risks, but also in terms of insurance.

Anyone who can be proven that they had not put on the seat belt must use the loss of the insurance coverage, with a part of the eventual Hospital expenses have to be carried by yourself. Anyone who is entitled to compensation for pain and suffering must expect this to be reduced by the motor vehicle liability insurance of the person who caused the accident.

Seat belt: how to buckle up properly

You can't really go wrong with buckling up. But what should you watch out for when you put on your seat belt? It is important that you do that click hears, because then the belt is locked. In addition, the length of the belt must match your own Body measurements be adjusted. Then you are already properly buckled up.

Even if only one short drive is planned, buckling up must not be omitted. The journey should also only begin when all occupants are properly secured. Children must have up to one Height of 1.50 meters and up to twelve years be transported in a child seat. The seat belt should be best always tight be drawn, the Waist belt if possible deep should sit. On that in particular Pregnant women respect, think highly of.

Not buckled up: statistics and numbers on accidents

Do you believe that? Federal Ministry of Transport, Germany’s drivers are very much security conscious and have a exemplary Belt behavior. According to statistical studies by the Federal Highway Research Institute (BASt), which regularly makes observations on city and country roads as well as motorways on how to fasten seat belts, there is a lot going on reassuring numbers to the fore.

So were in the investigation in the year 2010 (18,600 cars with 25,754 passengers) on average 98 percent of the observed driver, front passenger and rear seaters buckled up. For many, buckling up has become an absolute must A matter of course and become an automatism. Also have Warning systems, at which a beep reminds the driver or front passenger to buckle up, contributed to better seat belt behavior.

In reality, however, it often looks different with compulsory seat belts. And there are still many drivers who do not buckle up regularly or who don't establish also always ignore the seat belt. Especially in the Short distance or city traffic the seat belt obligation is disregarded. And so there are of course other numbers and statistics that are less reassuring and Police and accident researchers alert equally.

Alone on German roads to die each year 300 peoplebecause they sat in the car without a fuse. Another statistic from the German Road Safety Council (DVR) shows that on average 20 percent all at Accidents fatally injured persons were not wearing seat belts.

Transferred to the round 1,800 car occupants, the 2010 died in accidents on German roads would have over 300 survive if the seat belt had been fastened. According to estimates by the EU Commission, they die across Europe annually around 7,300 people in traffic accidents because the seat belt requirement was disregarded. That corresponds to approx. 17 percent of all traffic fatalities in the EU.

Nudity: is there a dress code for the car?

To be naked or topless in the car is alien to many drivers. Under German law, however, it is not forbidden to drive a vehicle without clothes as long as road safety is guaranteed.

Safety for motorcyclists

In road traffic, motorcyclists are exposed to higher risks compared to motorists, but the Legislature only one Minimum level of protective equipment mandatory for motorcyclists.

There is only one Safety helmet compulsory, otherwise it is the personal decision of every motorcycle rider, its type-related Top speed over 20 km / h whether and which others protective gear will be carried. The extent to which you protect yourself when cycling depends not least on factors such as your own safety needs, comfort and comfort acquisition cost from.

Helmets are compulsory for motorcyclists

The helmet obligation / protective helmet obligation has existed since 1976. According to the StVO, you are on motorcycles with a design-related top speed from more than 20 km / h obliged to wear a suitable protective helmet while driving. The designation "suitable protective helmet" was 1990 through the ECE-22 standard concretizes and thus provides the answer to what is actually meant by a suitable protective helmet.

Further information on helmet requirements

Catalog of fines: What is the risk of violating the helmet obligation?

Apart from the fact that every motorcyclist who rides without a hard hat gets an extremely high one Security risk suspends, according to the fine calculator, if the helmet obligation is not complied with, there is only a comparatively low fine of 15 euro, Points or a Driving ban are not pronounced.

  • Costs according to the table of fines if the protective helmet obligation was not observed: 15 euros fine

But even if the fine is very small, you should be riding on a two-wheeler never do without a protective helmet, because in the event of an accident it can be extreme Head injuries the consequences are that are often paid for with life.

Motorcyclists: Legal requirements for protective clothing

The legislature and thus also the traffic law see to this day no legal norms before wearing appropriate Protective clothing for two-wheelers. There are, however, for protective clothing and here in particular for Protectors various European standards (EN 1621-1, EN 1621-2) with which the Quality requirements with protectors and Protective pads be normalized. There is also corresponding no legal normaccording to which failure to wear protective clothing for two-wheelers can be punished in any way.

Here you can only appeal to every two-wheeler driver that despite the minimum requirements (helmet requirement), in your own interest you should always voluntarily choose the highest possible and safe level of high-quality protective clothing.

Mobile phone at the wheel: that's what drivers need to know

The Cell phone at the wheel Holding them in hand or making calls at the wheel are strict forbidden - unless a hands-free system is used. Otherwise, there is a risk of not only a high fine in the catalog of fines, but also points in Flensburg. A Driving ban however, there is no need to fear. A ban on cell phones at the wheel is absolutely understandable, since the driver is aware of the traffic distracted will and be of that Responsiveness significantly worsened.

But there are still many question marks among motorists and there are Misconceptions about cell phones steering. What is allowed and what is not, what penalties are stipulated in the catalog of fines and the fine calculator and how it is with the use of mobile phones at the wheel foreign countries looks like, will be clarified below.

Mobile phone at the wheel: what is allowed? What is forbidden?

As a general rule, drivers are only allowed to use their cell phones take in handwhen the vehicle stands and the Engine does not run. This regulation is actually unmistakable and everything else is an administrative offense in traffic law. Nonetheless, many drivers are still unsure when it comes to cell phones at the wheel. Can I do that Time read on the display? One Emergency call give up? Or how is it with navigation via the smartphone?

Cell phone at the wheel:Allowed is

  • Use with the engine switched off
  • Use with hands-free kit
  • Use of a single-sided headset

Cell phone at the wheel: Forbidden is

  • Cell phone in hand running engine (e.g. for telephoning at the wheel, pushing away the call or managing SMS)
  • to make calls on Hard shoulder hold

This means that it is forbidden for drivers to move their cell phones from one place to another while driving. The cell phone has nothing while driving in the hand to look for, even if the smartphones have added many new, practical functions.

Anyone behind the wheel is allowed to use the cell phone for no function operate, regardless of whether you have a short Look at the clock of the cell phone want to throw or dictate a brilliant idea into his smartphone. This of course also includes all other functions such as Internet access, Cell phone camera, appointment calendar, writing or sending SMS messages absolutely taboo.

Even who from Cell phone rings is annoyed and pushes the caller away, risks getting acquainted with the catalog of fines and a fine because the cell phone was being used at the wheel.

In the navigation There is nothing to complain about via mobile phone at first, but of course the mobile phone must not be picked up for navigation purposes while driving, which, by the way, also for that Turn off the navigation function counts. Anyone who uses their cell phone as a navigation device should ideally put it in one contraption plug in or - if on board - the operation of the Co-driver left.

Special feature: mobile phone use at red traffic lights

Cell phone use is permitted under certain circumstances at red traffic lights. Is for the duration of the red phase Engine stopped (which is automatic, especially in modern cars Stop-and-go function is accepted), you can use the cell phone useregardless of whether a very short conversation is to be held or a message is to be read. One behaves flawlessly when the cell phone put aside before the engine is restarted and the Red phase comes to an end. However, if the car is at the red light with the engine running, the cell phone is at the wheel according to traffic law forbidden.

Danger! Mobile phone use in front of the red light and with the engine switched off was only free of fines until October 2017. Due to the change in § 23 of the StVO, making a phone call in front of the red light is now an administrative offense (even with an automatic start-stop system). The consequence would now be a fine of at least € 100 and one point in Flensburg.

Mobile phone at the wheel Fines: How are violations punished?

It is forbidden to use the mobile phone while driving / with the engine running if it is for this recorded or in the hands held must become. Completely independent which of the many mobile phone functions is to be used.

Accordingly, not only telephoning while driving is prohibited, as is clearly evident from the description in the catalog of fines. Otherwise, according to the table of fines, there is a risk of a fine of 100 euros, moreover there is 1 point in the central traffic register of the Federal Motor Transport Authority in Flensburg. A Driving ban but is not pronounced in this case.

  • Using a mobile or car phone without a hands-free system as a driver with the engine running: 100 euros fine, 1 point

The police will violate cell phone driving in the future rigorous follow, whereby it is sufficient if you were observed with your mobile phone at the wheel. The fine is then by post to the address sent by the vehicle owner.

Mobile phone ban also for cyclists

But it's not just drivers who need one to make a phone call while behind the wheel Speakerphone or a Headset. The same regulations also apply to cyclists who are considered to be drivers of the vehicle within the meaning of the legal regulation in traffic law and these may only be used over one hands-free device to phone.

Alternatively, you also have to use your mobile phone stopped become. According to the catalog of fines, offenses are included 55 euros fine punished and are therefore easier than in the table of fines for drivers. Even if the Cyclist If you only want to push away an incoming call for a short time, you are not allowed to use your mobile phone - as in the case of a car driver - since the forbidden use of the mobile phone is also the mere use "Hands-free" operation includes.

  • Using a cell phone or car phone without a hands-free system as a cyclist: 55 euros fine

Mobile phone at the wheel: catalog of fines in Europe

In almost all European countries it is strictly forbidden to make a phone call while driving or to use a mobile phone while driving. Like from the ADAC fine calculator emerges, there is a risk of severe fines.

Especially who in South of Europe When driving, it is best to put the mobile phone completely out of reach as the driver, as this is clear in Spain, Italy, Portugal, Greece or France higher fines wave than in this country. Using the cell phone in the car without a speakerphone is only allowed in Sweden. In the following the EU cost check according to the respective foreign fine table:

  • Belgium: at least 110 euros fine for cell phones at the wheel
  • Bulgaria: from 25 euros fine for mobile phones at the wheel
  • Denmark: 200 euros fine for cell phones at the wheel
  • Greece: 100 euros fine for cell phones at the wheel
  • Great Britain: 120 euros fine for cell phones at the wheel
  • Finland: 115 euros fine for cell phones at the wheel
  • France: at least 135 euros fine for cell phones at the wheel
  • Ireland: 60 euros fine for cell phones at the wheel
  • Italy: at least 160 euros fine for cell phones at the wheel
  • Croatia: at least 65 euros fine for cell phones at the wheel
  • Luxembourg: A fine of 75 euros for a cell phone at the wheel
  • Netherlands: 230 euros fine for cell phones at the wheel
  • Austria: from 50 euros fine for mobile phones at the wheel
  • Poland: from 50 euros fine for mobile phones at the wheel
  • Portugal: at least 120 euros fine for cell phones at the wheel
  • Switzerland: 85 euros fine for cell phones at the wheel
  • Spain: at least 200 euros fine for cell phones at the wheel

(Source: ADAC, information provided without guarantee)

Distraction from loud music: that is what drivers need to know

Numerous motorists sweeten their journey in the car with them Listen to music, after all, music puts you in a good mood. But anyone who turns up his system too much in the car commits an administrative offense and has to expect a fine. But when is the music in the car too loud? How is that measured? And what does he see Catalog of fines in front?

Why too loud music in the car is a criminal offense

The distraction of too loud music in the car is used by many motorists underrated. Young drivers in particular like to turn the system up to the stop and give themselves the full roar. But whoever has his car in a mobile disco transformed whose concentration is negatively influenced when driving.

There is also the risk that you will Sirloin of emergency vehicles or that Honk not heard as a warning sign from other motorists, as the acoustic perception is disturbed by the high noise level. However, many noisy sinners run the risk of unconsciously committing a runaway if, due to the enormous volume and vibrating bass roles, they do not even notice that they are a small one accident have caused.

In addition, the loud music disturbs the immediate environment from the car, because what is pure enjoyment for the driver can only be achieved by one for other road users Noise pollution represent. The Set therefore prescribes exactly how many decibels are allowed in the car and when loud music becomes a hindrance for the driver and the environment.

Law enforcement officers have the rule to stop such drivers from their approaching vehicle music from a distance of 30 to 40 meters can be heard. In this case, the driver is liable to prosecution and receives a fine.

Too loud music: what punishment do drivers face?

The catalog of fines for noisy sinners does not provide for an intense sentence.

  • Driving with impaired hearing (too loud music): 10 euros fine

But in the past there were always discussions to tighten the catalog of fines significantly, with the demands in the direction 40 euros fine and 1 point in Flensburg went. Accordingly, it can happen that the StVO will be changed in the future.

More information about influences and distractions when driving a car:

Safety in winter: what drivers need to watch out for

In order to ensure the highest possible level of safety even in winter, drivers must pay attention to a few aspects. With Winter tires It is far from over, because even the annoying morning thing Ice scraping is a compulsory matter, as a restricted view (for example through icy windows) must always be avoided. Like drivers of their vehicles suitable for winter make and which fines bloom in the event of a violation, is shown below.

Avoid restricted vision: Scrape the windows free

ice and snow make the traffic situations on the roads much more dangerous, but this does not prevent many motorists from using the own duties as a road user cannot comply. A game with fire, because you don't just go safety-related on ice, but also legally.

There are a lot of violations lurking in the catalog of fines, which can be punished with fines and perhaps with points in Flensburg. We'll show you how to get through the winter safely.

Ensuring a safe journey begins in winter early in the morning, because iced windows have to be scratched free before starting the journey so that you do not have any during the journey restricted view Has. A small peephole in the front but also Side or rear window is not enough to prevent the restricted view.

Anyone who participates in traffic despite restricted visibility must expect a fine, which of course increases in the event of an accident. Even if you're not the one at all Causer of the accident was and through no fault of one's own accident gets involved, you can expect at least one because of the restricted view Partial fault gets awarded. But not only the icy windows in winter can restrict the view of the road, but of course also one crammed car.

No matter whether you are with Child and cone goes on vacation or has the car full of moving boxes. But even a very dirty window obstructs the view Considerable: every driver must always have an unrestricted view of the traffic so that one is always fast enough and on time react to changes can.

But before starting a journey in winter, not only must the iced windows be scratched free, but it must also be done Turn signals, taillights, headlights and the Mark be cleared of mud, snow and ice. The same applies to the masses of snow and ice sheets on the roof of the car, because otherwise your own view or the following traffic could be obstructed by falling snow.

Vehicle equipment suitable for winter: winter tires

However, the catalog of fines provides for further measures so that the car is actually suitable for winter. According to the StVO, the vehicle equipment must always be sent to the Weather conditions be adjusted. Accordingly, it is important that the Windshield washer in winter With Antifreeze is filled so that, if necessary, the windshield can be cleaned while driving, even at sub-zero temperatures, and there is no restricted view.

With 60 eurosFine and 1 point According to the catalog of fines, road users must also expect if they are on the road with summer tires in snow, ice and slippery conditions. However, it is Winter tires compulsory also absolutely understandable, since a trip with in winter Summer tires fast in a heavy accident can end because the driver misjudges the braking distance. After all, the braking distance can double at a speed of 50 km / h.

Every vehicle needed matching wheels - With the help of the winter tire test you can find out which ones are suitable for your car most suitable are.

To the most important Winter accessories The following items should also be in the car:

  • ice scraper
  • small broom
  • Cover film for the windshield

In addition, it can't hurt that you have one Door lock deicer always to hand - but of course stored outside the car.

Catalog of fines: car not suitable for winter

Here you will find the violations and the corresponding consequences of the catalog of fines securitywhen the car is not suitable for winter or violates other safety regulations.

  • Before driving, windows are not sufficiently cleared of ice or the free view is otherwise restricted more than permitted: 10 euros fine
  • The equipment of the vehicle is not adapted to the weather conditions (winter tires): 60 euros fine, 1 point
  • with traffic obstruction: 80 euros fine, 1 point

Load securing: important tips and information

Load securing is not only at Trucks, but of course also with Cars Mandatory. Anyone who violates the safety regulations can get in a lot of trouble and will definitely be checked Acquaintance with the catalog of fines do.

In the event of insufficient load securing, all persons involved (vehicle driver, vehicle owner and shipper) are always liable. The fines can vary between 10 and100 euros amount, also threatens 1 Point in the traffic register. In the following you will find important tips on how you, as a private person, can safely transport your cargo and also information on which Punish in the event of a breach of load securing.

Load securing: tips for safe transport

Unsecured cargo can result in an emergency stop life threatening Be shot. That can be done simple physics explain as tremendous Centrifugal forces (Mass x acceleration) arise. This is how it mutates supposedly harmless cell phone with a weight of 300 grams in an impact at 50 km / h with a dangerous projectile weighing 15 kilograms.

A unsecured furniture packing with a dead weight of 40 kilograms would be under the same conditions with a weight of 2 tons through the passenger compartment to fly. Anyone can imagine what happens if one is hit by such an unsecured cargo.

The following tips show important ones Basic rules for safe transport:

  • If objects have to be stacked: store heavy objects below, preferably in a form-fitting manner on the back seat. Rule of thumb: The heaviest "on the axis".
  • For the transport closed trunk to use.
  • Charge as much as possible Forward to store.
  • Take care that the weight of the load is always equally distributed becomes.
  • When transporting free-standing, heavy loads, always take them with you Lashing straps attach.
  • Straps on the heavy objects Back seat always close, even if no one is sitting there.
  • Objects over 25 kilograms Weight do not place behind people, because in the event of an impact, the backrest can be broken through.
  • In the event of an emergency stop, the Locking the back seat do not hold the weight of the load alone.
  • A car without a separation system is never higher than up to Upper edge of the backrest loaded. Anyone who has a station wagon should always do that Net or safety divider deploy.
  • Hat rack keep clear so that there is good consideration.
  • First aid kit, warning triangle and safety vest always to hand even when fully charged.
  • Tire pressure and headlight setting must be adapted to the load weight.

Different types of load securing

When securing loads, you can basically choose between two different types a distinction can be made between:

  • the frictional load securing
  • the form-fitting Load securing

In the frictional The goods to be transported are secured with the help of Lashing straps attached. The frictional force of the load on the transport surface is significantly increased. To better fix the load and the Frictional force To increase the transport item further are special Anti-slip mats makes sense.

In the form-fitting The goods in transit are securing loads seamless and flush with the walls of the vehicle or the vehicle body. Gaps between the transported goods are caused by Filler such as air-filled cushions, foam cushions or wooden pallets closed.

Catalog of fines: What is the penalty for violating load securing?

Statistically, in is around 90 percent of the cases, the charge in private vehicles is insufficient or even at all not safe. Particularly during the holiday season, violations of load security or load securing are very often found.

This is how they are Suitcase up to the roof of the car stacked or the Roof rack is not properly installed, etc. Anyone caught with an unsecured load must, however, after the current fine calculator Expect a fine, as the following excerpt from the catalog of fines makes clear.

  • Load not secured against avoidable noise: 10 euros fine
  • Load that protrudes more than three meters to the rear: 20 euros fine
  • Loads that protrude more than 1.5 meters to the rear and travel a distance of over 100 kilometers: 20 euros fine
  • Load protruding from the front of the vehicle: 20 euros fine
  • Load that protrudes more than one meter is not marked with the necessary lamp or failure to properly attach the prescribed securing devices: 25 euros fine
  • Load or loading equipment not accommodated in accordance with traffic regulations or not adequately secured against falling: 35 euros fine
  • Load or loading equipment not accommodated in accordance with traffic regulations or not adequately secured against falling - with risk: 60 euros fine, 1 point
  • Load or loading equipment not accommodated in accordance with traffic regulations or not adequately secured against falling - with property damage: 75 euros, 1 point

Fine calculator for road safety


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  1. Does the driver of the vehicle also get a penalty if the adult passenger does not wear a seat belt?
    Does the holder also get a penalty if, for example, the belt is damaged and cannot be used?

    • Hello,

      The driver is not responsible for an adult co-driver, so he will not be penalized.
      There is also no obligation to keep the belts in place.

      The editors of

  2. "Always have a first aid kit, warning triangle and safety vest close at hand, even when fully loaded."

    Isn't the best place for these things in the trunk?

    • Hello Mrs. Stresemann,

      that is certainly a matter of taste. Keeping these things in the trunk is of course sufficient.

      The editors of

    • Hello,

      at a traffic control this is checked by the police officer. The individual passengers are responsible for being buckled up.

      The editors of