What are martial arts in the military

What is the best martial art for the military?

Should soldiers learn to fight hand-to-hand?

To say that unarmed combat has no place in the military is misleading and dangerous to say. Landing in CQB with enemies is still very possible and soldiers still use bayonets for this reason. The tactical ax, often used to break through doors, has also gained great popularity due to its use as a hand weapon in the event of a sudden enemy. It is true that it seldom happens that troops fight hand in hand, but it is also true that troops ever fire a shot at an enemy or need to be fired at - this is no reason not to practice marksmanship.

Your role and the conflict you are part of will determine how likely you are to see a fight and how likely you are to see hand in hand. When clearing city buildings, you want to know how to quickly identify and kill an attacker at close range.

Best martial art

The best martial art I would recommend would be old army manuals. Namely those of Fairbairn, Sykes, Applegate and Biddle. They wrote a number of books and manuals on the use of force by the police, blow weapons, knives, bayonets, unarmed combat, and general combat. The manuals can be difficult to find online or at your local library, but they are out there (university library could be more help). Send me a message if you can't find one.

I can't think of a specific gym or martial arts brand that practices their system. To practice it, you would need to get friends or interested people from a local gym / dojo to practice with you. Some martial arts clubs have an interest in martial arts and military equipment and can be very helpful if you show a strong interest in practicing them.

Books

The main manual would be particular Kill or Get Killed (1943), which covers unarmed fighting, knife fighting, impact weapon fighting, fighting an unarmed armed opponent, and bayonet fighting, etc.

Other examples would be GET TOUGH !: How man in Melee wins as taught to British commandos and US forces . That focuses almost entirely on unarmed techniques, including details on how to disarm enemies, how to defy capture, how to take an unsuspecting enemy, etc., some of which are covered in Kill or Get Killed.

Do or Die (1944) is good too, and if I remember correctly, it went deeper into the bayonet fences than the others.

The USMC Combat Manual is a great collection of some of these materials too, but you won't get the MCRP 3-02B 1999 Edition as they have made a lot of ... questionable changes. The old USMC manual was more concerned with violating urban areas and group tactics, if I remember correctly.