Why are police cars so recognizable?

On the trail of police myths and errors

If federal police officers take a measure against someone, the person concerned may request the ID card and the officers usually have to show them - yes. However, the officials determine when is the best time to do this. And that is more likely at the end of a measure. Police officers are not obliged to show their ID card during a control or a scuffle. Only the person concerned can see the service number or ID, bystanders, passers-by or companions do not. However: civil servants who carry out a police measure identify themselves as police officers in advance with their ID card.

The police are not allowed into my apartment without a search warrant.

The inviolability of the home is particularly protected by the Basic Law. In principle, a judicial search warrant is required for a house search. But there are exceptions: For example, when suspects are caught or when there is imminent danger (e.g. when evidence could be destroyed). Otherwise the reverse would be: After a serious crime, the suspect fled to his / her apartment and the police would have to wait in front of the door until the search warrant is there or the person comes out again.

Police officers use codes and abbreviations during operations in order to coordinate with one another without being disturbed.

Right. The language of the police consists of countless abbreviations. There are also specific formulations and codes for sparks. However, it is not so much a question of confusing the person opposite, but rather of ensuring short and easily understandable radio communication. If a federal police officer speaks old German names such as "Berta", "Gustav" or "Marta" into the radio during a check, he only spells the name on the ID using the German alphabet.

If the radio connection is poor or in the case of longer and complex issues, a federal police officer often says "come over a wire". That means he calls the control center by phone, today of course with the mobile phone, then from the landline phone with a cord or wire.

Police are police. Whether in Hamburg or Munich.

No. The police are a matter of the state. There are basically 19 different police forces in Germany. Every federal state has a police force. There are also the Federal Police with special tasks, the police at the German Bundestag and the Federal Criminal Police Office with special tasks, e.g. B. the fight against organized crime. In addition, there are customs and the Customs Criminal Police Office with special tasks, for example in the movement of goods, taxes, customs law and white-collar crime, as well as the military police officers of the Bundeswehr.

They all have different laws. Many regulations are similar, but the powers can often vary. Citizens do not have to worry about which police are responsible for what. The authorities subsequently regulate among themselves who will handle a case.

Only the police can arrest someone.

No. Anyone can arrest a person who has just committed or has committed a crime and wants to flee - that is, in the act. This means that a suspect can be held until the police arrive. This does not apply if the person's identity has been established. So if, for example, the neighbor steals something from the garden.

Insulting officials is punished more severely.

Insulting officials - there is simply no such thing. The term is often used in the vernacular, but is not a separate fact in the law. There is also no table for "fines" according to which certain expressions are punished. The criminal liability is based on Section 185 of the Criminal Code. It applies to insults against police officers as well as against any other professional group or private person. The establishment of certain penalties, e.g. B. 1,000 euros for "idiots" depends on the fines that the courts have imposed in some cases. However, these are not binding.

Why are police officers also disparagingly called "cops" and is that an insult?

"The cops are coming", this expression is often heard in crime novels and feature films. As is so often the case, the term does not originally come from the said animal. In the 18th century the police officers or gendarmes were called "Landpuller" or "Bohler". The terms come from Dutch and mean something like "head" or "clever person". Over time, this became the word "bull". In 1965 a court ruled for the first time that the term as a name for police officers was an insult.

Of course, such terms are also subject to social change, so that one cannot necessarily speak of an insult today. TV series such as "Der Bulle von Tölz" or "Der letzte Bulle" contributed to this. Basically you shouldn't address a police officer with "cop".

The blue light is blue because it contrasts so well with other lights in the city.

No. The blue light has its origin in a dark chapter in German history. In 1938, shortly before the outbreak of the Second World War, the decision was made to use blue for the "rotating beacons", the technical term since blue is less visible to enemy aircraft than red, orange or green.

While red light is visible up to a height of two kilometers, blue light scatters in the atmosphere so strongly that it can only be seen up to a height of 300 meters.

Service dogs recognize their human colleagues by their uniform.