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AHA! - The Salafism Lexicon: Terms, Symbols & Actors

What does "jihad" mean? What actually is Wahhabism? What does the lion stand for in Salafism? In our Salafism Lexicon, we explain Salafist terms and symbols and point out the most famous people and organizations from the scene. The explanations of the terms correspond to the Salafist-tinged reinterpretations and are therefore not generally Islamic. Just click on a letter - or filter by specific topics:

And / or choose a letter:

A.

A'amaq News Agency

The A'amaq News Agency is a news agency and the main ISIS propaganda channel. It spreads reports of the organization's alleged military successes.

The A'amaq News Agency became known in August 2014. At that time, it reported on the fighting over the Syrian city of Kobane.

A'amaq is a place in Syria with symbolic meaning. In a prophetic tradition it is said that the end of the world begins when "the Romans arrive in al-A'amaq or Dabiq". The members of the IS interpret the "Romans" as the USA and the West.

propaganda is opinion making. Propaganda always pursues certain interests of the sender. The goal is to influence people's feelings and attitudes.

Dabiq is a place in Syria.

Abdurrahman al-Sheha (Author), Publications

Abdurrahman al-Sheha is a Saudi author. He has written many Islamic and Islamist texts. His books are popular in the Salafist scene. They have appeared in many languages, versions and editions.

Among other things, Al-Sheha justifies violence against women and advocates the killing of infidels. That is why the Federal Testing Office for Media Harmful to Young People has indexed several of his books. This means: They may not be publicly displayed, advertised or passed on to young people.

Message of islam

"Message of Islam" is a book by Abdurrahman al-Sheha. It has been indicated in Germany since 2013, i. H. classified as harmful to minors.

Women under the protection of Islam

“Women under the Protection of Islam” is a book by Abdurrahman al-Sheha. It has been indicated in Germany since 2010, i. H. classified as harmful to minors.

Misunderstandings about human rights in Islam

“Misunderstandings About Human Rights” is a book by Abdurrahman al-Sheha. It has been indicated in Germany since 2012, i. H. classified as harmful to minors.

The Federal Testing Office for Media Harmful to Young People (BPjM) can z. B. books, CDs or films index. Special rules apply to the purchase, promotion, and distribution of indexed media. The Latin word "indicare" means: to classify.

Abou Nagie, Ibrahim (* 1964)

Ibrahim Abou Nagie founded the network “The True Religion” (DWR) in 2005. Salafist preachers organized themselves in the network. The network was very active online. It was banned nationwide in 2016.

Abou Nagie publicly claimed that democracy and Islam do not go together. Christians and Jews go to hell in his opinion.

In 2011 he organized the “Lies!” Campaign with DWR. DWR members distributed Korans en masse. The goal: non-Muslims should convert to Islam. The campaign resulted in many people joining jihadist groups in Iraq and Syria.

Abu Qatada al-Filastini / Omar Muhammad Othman (* 1960)

Omar Muhammad Othman (also known as Abu Qatada al-Filastini) is a Jordanian of Palestinian origin. He is a famous al-Qaida supporter with a large following. He used to be considered Usama bin Laden's “ambassador” in Europe.

In 1993, Othman successfully applied for asylum in Great Britain on account of religious persecution. From 2002 onwards, he was arrested several times to be deported. For legal reasons, this only succeeded in 2013. In 2014, Othman was acquitted of terrorist allegations by a Jordanian military court.

A Palestinian origin have Arabs who were born in what is now the State of Israel, in the Palestinian Territories or in the Gaza Strip, or whose ancestors come from these areas.

Abu Walaa / Abdulaziz Abdullah A. (* 1984)

Abdulaziz Abdullah A. comes from Iraq. He was one of the most important jihadist preachers and IS leaders in Germany.

A. posted many videos online. His face was never visible in the videos. That is why he is called "the man without a face". He also preached in the mosque of the German-speaking Islamic Circle Hildesheim (DIK). The DIK was banned in 2017.

A. was arrested in November 2016. In September 2017, criminal proceedings against him were opened at the Higher Regional Court in Celle. The charge is: membership in a terrorist organization and its support.

Ahl al-sunna wal-jama’a

People of the prophetic tradition and community, self-designation of the Salafists.

Ahrar al-Sham

Ahrar al-Sham is a jihadist Salafist organization in Syria. Ahrar al-Sham wants to establish an Islamic state in Syria. It is one of the largest and most influential groups among the insurgents in Syria.

Full name: Harakat Ahrar al-Sham al-Islamiya (German: Islamic Movement of the Free Men of the Levant).

Levant is a name for the Mediterranean countries east of Italy. The word comes from Italian and means morning, east and east (= where the sun rises).

Al Asraa "The Prisoners"

The Arabic name Al Asraa means: "The prisoners". The organization supports Muslim prisoners and their families. Many of the prisoners belong to the Salafist or jihadist scene.

Al-Andalus

Al-Andalus is an online propaganda channel. It is mainly used by al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQM).

The Arabic word "al-Andalus" is a historical term. It refers to an area on the Iberian Peninsula. In the Middle Ages this area was ruled by the Muslims.

Maghreb is the name of an area in North Africa that stretches from Libya to Mauritania. Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco are also counted as part of the Maghreb. “Maghreb” is Arabic and means: place of sunset.

The Iberian Peninsula includes the areas southwest of the Pyrenees Mountains: Spain, Portugal, the Principality of Andorra and Gibraltar.

propaganda is opinion making. Propaganda always pursues certain interests of the sender. The goal is to influence people's feelings and attitudes.

Al-Arifi Mohammed (* 1970)

Mohammed al-Arifi is a well-known preacher from Saudi Arabia. He has around 21 million followers on Twitter and almost 24 million on Facebook (as of August 2018).

His sermons are directed against Jews, homosexual people, Shiites, infidels and the “decadent West”. Al-Arifi is for the "easy" corporal punishment of wives. In 2013 he called for participation in jihad in Syria.

He has not been allowed to enter the Schengen area since 2012.

Shiites: The Arabic word Schia means: “supporter of a party”. The Shiites represent their own belief system in Islam. Today they make up around 15% of Muslims. The largest Shiite faction is the Twelve Shia, with centers in southern Iraq, Iran and the Indian subcontinent.

The Schengen area includes European countries that have signed the Schengen Agreement. The aim is to abolish controls at the borders between the Schengen states.

Al-Aulaqi Anwar Nasser (1971–2011)

Anwar al-Aulaqi was a US-Yemeni citizen. He was a leading al-Qaeda ideologist, jihadist preacher, online activist, and founder of Inspire magazine.

Many of his English-language sermons were distributed over the Internet. Jihadists around the world have read and heard them.

Al-Aulaqi participated in the preparation of several terrorist attacks in the USA and Great Britain. In 2011 he died in a US drone attack in Yemen.

Al-Baghdadi al-Husaini al-Quraishi Abu Bakr / Ibrahim Awad Ibrahim al-Badri (1971-2019)

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi is from Iraq. He had been the leader of IS or its predecessor organization since 2010. Since June 2014 he called himself the "Caliph of the Islamic State" (IS).

At the end of October 2019, he died as a result of a US military operation in northern Syria.

A caliph is a religious-political leader.

Al-Furqan Media Office

Al-Furqan is an IS media agency. It was founded in 2006. In the beginning, she mainly distributed videos of attacks on US soldiers in Iraq. The organization Islamic State in Iraq (ISI), a predecessor of IS, was behind the attacks.

Today, Al-Furqan produces videos, CDs, posters, leaflets and memes for ISIS.

Two offshoots of the media office, Ajnad and al-I´tisam, publish Naschids and are active on social media.

Read more: What is the meaning of music in Salafism?

Al-Hayat Media Center

The al-Hayat Media Center is an IS media outlet. She disseminates her reports and articles in English, German, Russian and French.

The al-Hayat Media Center publishes online magazines and operates the al-Bayan radio station. He spreads propaganda in several languages ​​in Syria and Iraq.

propaganda is opinion making. Propaganda always pursues certain interests of the sender. The goal is to influence people's feelings and attitudes.

Al-Malahem Media

Al-Malahem Media is an al-Qaida media outlet on the Arabian Peninsula (AQAH).

It produces and distributes the English-language online magazine "Inspire".

The Arabic word "al-Malahem" means: heroic epics, battles.

Epics (Singular: epic) are stories in verse form.

Al-Maqdisi Abu Muhammad / Isam Muhammad Tahir al-Barqawi (* 1959)

Isam Muhammad Tahir al-Barqawi (also known as Abu Muhammad al-Maqdisi) is a Jordanian of Palestinian origin. Today he is one of the most important ideologues of Islamist terrorism. Until 2004 he was the spiritual (= spiritual) advisor to Abu Musab al-Zarqawi and the al-Qaida in Iraq, a forerunner organization of IS, which he led.

His writings such as “Millatu Ibrahim”, “Democracy: A Religion” or “This is our Aqidah” also had a great influence on German jihadists.

A Palestinian origin have Arabs who were born in what is now the State of Israel, in the Palestinian Territories or in the Gaza Strip, or whose ancestors come from these areas.

Al-Muhaysini Abdullah (* 1987)

Abdullah al-Muhaysini is an important jihadist religious scholar (= clergyman) from Saudi Arabia. He has lived in Syria for several years.

In spring 2016 he organized a recruitment campaign for the jihadist group Jabhat al-Nusra. He was a member of Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham until autumn 2017.

He spreads propaganda via social networks and calls for militant jihad in Syria.

Recruitment campaign: Promotion to recruit new fighters for armed jihad.

propaganda is opinion making. Propaganda always pursues certain interests of the sender. The goal is to influence people's feelings and attitudes.

Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAH)

In 2009, al-Qaeda in Yemen and al-Qaida forces in Saudi Arabia merged to form AQAH. The AQAH is responsible for many attacks in Yemen and Saudi Arabia.

The AQAH regards the Islamic State (IS) as an enemy. Even so, it uses a flag similar to ISIS: a black banner with the Islamic creed.

AQAH uses current formats to advertise its goals. Among other things, she published the English-language online magazine "Inspire" from 2010 to 2016.

Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQM)

The AQM is the largest and most active terrorist organization in the Maghreb. She committed many attacks in Algeria, Mali and Mauritania.

The AQM has its roots in the Groupe Salafiste pour la Prédication et le Combat (GSPC). This group was founded in Algeria in the late 1990s. In 2006 she joined al-Qaeda and adopted her new name.

Maghreb is the name of an area in North Africa that stretches from Libya to Mauritania. Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco are also counted as part of the Maghreb. “Maghreb” is Arabic and means: place of sunset.

Al Qaeda (core)

The Arabic word al-Qaeda means: "the base". Abdullah Azzam and Usama bin Laden founded Al-Qaeda in the late 1980s. Their goal: international armed struggle. Their distinguishing feature: a black banner with the Islamic creed. It is now used by many jihadist organizations around the world.

Several offshoots developed from this “core” Al Qaeda. She is also a role model for many Islamist terrorist groups and individuals.

Al Qaeda logo

Adidas becomes alqaida: Above the modified lettering of the sporting goods manufacturer you can see an airplane that flies into the largest of the three logo stripes.

This symbol glorifies the September 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center in New York. It is also intended to express criticism of the consumer behavior of people in the West.

Salafists wear the motif on T-shirts, baseball caps or bags.

Al-salaf al-salih

The righteous ancestors, d. H. the first three generations of Muslims who lived in the 7th to 9th centuries AD. They serve as
Role model for Salafists and form the basis of Salafist ideology.

Al-Shabab

Al-Shabab is currently the largest and most influential Islamist terrorist organization in Somalia. Al-Shabab consists mostly of young fighters.

Full Arabic name: Harakat al-Shabab al-Mujahideen (German: Movement of the Mujahideen Youth).

Al-Shabab was founded in Somalia in 2006. It has been an official offshoot of the al-Qaida network since 2012.

Al-Shamikha

Al-Shamikha was an Arabic-language magazine run by al-Qaeda for young women. The magazine contained beauty tips, al-Qaeda propaganda, and instructions for electronic jihad. With offers like this one, jihadists tried to attract young women - also in Germany - in a targeted manner.

The Arabic word "Al-Shamikha" means: the majestic woman.

propaganda is opinion making. Propaganda always pursues certain interests of the sender. The goal is to influence people's feelings and attitudes.

Electronic jihad: the spread of jihadist propaganda on the Internet.

Al-Wala 'wal Bara'

Loyalty (to Allah and the "true believers") and defection (from the unbelievers). With this principle, Salafists deliberately distance themselves from the majority society and other Muslims.

Al-Zarqawi Abu Musab / Ahmad Fadeel al-Khalayleh (1966-2006)

Ahmad Fadeel al-Khalayleh (also known as Abu Musab al-Zarqawi) was from Jordan. He has participated in numerous terrorist attacks, killings and kidnappings in Iraq. These were primarily directed against Shiites and Shiite institutions.

As an Arab mujahideen, al-Zarqawi fought in the Afghanistan war. There he came into contact with Usama bin Laden. In 2004 he founded an al-Qaida branch in Iraq, a forerunner organization of IS.

His crackdown on the Shiites was overwhelmingly rejected, even in the jihadist community. In 2006 al-Zarqawi was killed in a US drone attack.

Shiites: The Arabic word Schia means: “supporter of a party”. The Shiites represent their own belief system in Islam. Today they make up around 15 percent of Muslims. The largest Shiite faction is the Twelve Shia, with centers in southern Iraq, Iran and the Indian subcontinent.

Al-Zawahiri Aiman ​​(* 1951)

Aiman ​​al-Zawahiri has been the leader of core al-Qaeda since 2011 and the official successor of Usama bin Laden.

Allegedly, al-Zawahiri joined the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood at the age of 14. He was arrested in 1981 in connection with the assassination of Egyptian President Answar al-Sadat. He left for Pakistan. There he met Usama bin Laden. Al-Zawahiri became his deputy and was jointly responsible for the actions of al-Qaida from 1998.

The Muslim Brotherhood is considered the oldest and most influential Sunni Islamist movement.

Anwar al-Sadat (1918-1981) was an Egyptian politician, President (1970-1981) and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate. In 1979 he signed a peace treaty with Israel. In 1981 he was murdered by his political opponents in Cairo.

Alim (plural ulama)
Amir

For the political Salafists "project manager" / activist on site, for the jihadist Salafists military leader.

Ansaar International e. V.

Ansaar International e. V. is an aid organization from North Rhine-Westphalia, which among other things. was associated with the Salafist scene. The association organizes aid transports to Syria and performs at fundraising events. Investigations against Ansaar International have been pending since April 2019.The association is accused of supporting Hamas.

The members are also out and about in Bavaria. They collect donations or run sales stands.

The HAMAS is an Islamist terrorist organization. "HAMAS" stands for Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiya, German: "Islamic resistance movement".

Ansarul Aseer

The Arabic name means: "The prisoners' helpers".

The members of Ansarul Aseer wanted to radicalize Muslims imprisoned in Germany and integrate them into jihadist-Salafist networks.

Ansarul Aseer is a replacement organization of the jihadist-Salafist network Millatu Ibrahim. It was banned in 2015 together with Tauhid Germany.

Armih Ahmad / Abul Baraa (* 1973)

Ahmad Armih is the imam of the Salafist As-Sahaba mosque in Berlin-Wedding. He travels all over Germany as a guest preacher.

Armih distances himself from the Islamic State. In his Salafist sermons, he emphasizes that Salafist Muslims are above all other people. They should differentiate themselves from those of other faiths. There are anti-Semitic (= anti-Jewish) statements in his sermons.

Armih believes in a Western conspiracy against Islam. It justifies violence: Muslim peoples are allowed to defend themselves if they are attacked in their home countries.

A imam can be the head of an Islamic community or a spiritual and political head.

As-Sahab Media

As-Sahab Media is a media agency from Pakistan. It is the only media organization that publishes announcements from leaders of core al-Qaeda in Afghanistan and the Taliban.

The Arabic word "as-Sahab" means: clouds.

The Taliban are an Islamist terrorist group. They ruled much of Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001.

Azzam Abdullah (1941-1989)

Abdullah Azzam was a Palestinian religious scholar. He was considered as

  • a major source of ideas for the establishment of al-Qaida,
  • Mentor of Usama bin Laden and
  • Thought leaders of global jihad.

In the 1980s, Abdulla Azzam organized the battle of the Arab mujahideen against Soviet troops in Afghanistan.

Azzam's writings such as “Join the Caravan”, “Defending the Muslim Territories” and “Morals and Laws of Jihad” are still very popular on the Islamist scene.

B.

Bida ‘

Unwanted / forbidden innovations. This refers to all historical developments that cannot be traced back to Islamic "authentic sources" (Quran, Sunna).

Bin Laden Usama (1957-2011)

Usama bin Laden was the founder and leader of al-Qaeda. He is an important symbol of global jihad. He is considered to be the author of the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 in the USA.

In the 1980s bin Laden supported the Arab mujahideen in the Afghanistan war with money, weapons and training camps. In 1998 he called on all Muslims to kill American soldiers and civilians.

In 2011, Usama bin Laden was killed by US special forces in Pakistan.

Since his death, bin Laden has been glorified in jihadist propaganda. His texts are significant for jihadist circles to this day.

propaganda is opinion making. Propaganda always pursues certain interests of the sender. The goal is to influence people's feelings and attitudes.

Boko Haram

Boko Haram is an Islamist terrorist organization in northeast Nigeria. There Boko Haram wants to introduce Sharia law and ban secular (= secular, non-religious) western education.

The name means: "Western education is a sin".

Boko Haram was founded in 2002. In March 2015, the association swore allegiance to the Islamic State (IS). Since then it has also been called the “Islamic Province of West Africa”.

C.

Ciftci Muhammad / Abu Anas (* 1973)

Muhammad Ciftci is a Salafist imam. He comes from Turkey. There he ran a German-speaking Islamic school until his admission was withdrawn. Ciftci was chairman of the “Invitation to Paradise” (EZP) association in Braunschweig and Mönchengladbach. The association has since been dissolved.

Ciftci publicly said that beheading is the appropriate punishment for "apostating from Islam".

A imam can be the head of an Islamic community or a spiritual and political head.

Cuspert Denis / Abu Talha al-Almani (1975-2018)

Denis Cuspert was one of the most important actors in the German jihadist scene.

Cuspert came from Berlin. There he was known as the rap musician "Deso Dogg". In 2009 he became a jihadist preacher. He published Islamist battle songs, "Naschids". The songs were accompanied by brutal videos glorifying violence.

In 2011 he founded the jihadist organization Millatu Ibrahim with Mohammad Mahmoud. It was banned in 2012. Denis Cuspert called on young people to participate in jihad in Syria. He threatened several attacks in Germany.

In 2014 he joined the IS. Evidence suggests that he was killed in January 2018.

D.

Da’i / da’iya (plural du’at)

Literally: someone who does dawa; Preacher.

Dabbagh Hassan / Abul Hussain (* 1972)

Hassan Dabbagh is from Syria. He is the imam of the al-Rahman mosque in Leipzig. He is one of the most important propagators of Salafism in Germany.

As early as the late 1990s, he was missionary for Salafism and was one of the first in Germany to organize dawa campaigns in German.

A imam can be the head of an Islamic community or a spiritual and political head.

Dabiq

Dabiq was an ISIS online propaganda magazine. It was initially published in English, from 2014 also in German. Dabiq was discontinued in August 2016 and replaced by Rumiyah magazine.

Dabiq is a place in Syria. It has a symbolic meaning. One prophetic tradition says: The apocalypse only begins when “the Romans arrive in al-A'amaq or Dabiq”. The members of the IS interpret the "Romans" as the USA and the West.

Dabiq called on readers to carry out attacks in the West.

propaganda is opinion making. Propaganda always pursues certain interests of the sender. The goal is to influence people's feelings and attitudes.

Dawa (also: Da’wa)

Invitation to Islam, proselytizing, propaganda. Dawa is a neutral Arabic term that means “call to Islam” or “proselytizing” in an Islamic context. Like many other Islamic terms, it is taken up by Salafists and reinterpreted in their sense. In a Salafist context, Dawa is to be understood as “appropriation” or “propaganda” for one's own view of the world.

propaganda is opinion making. Propaganda always pursues certain interests of the sender. The goal is to influence people's feelings and attitudes.

True Religion (DWR)

“The true religion” (DWR) is a Salafist association. It was founded by Ibrahim Abou Nagie. In 2011 the association drew attention to itself with the “Lies!” Campaign. DWR members also distributed Koran editions to “Lies!” Stands in Bavaria. The campaign was intended to win over non-Muslims to Salafism.

The “Lies!” Campaign and the DWR association were banned nationwide in 2016. The reason: The association is directed against the constitutional order and against international understanding. The association also advocates armed jihad and wants to recruit fighters for it.

Since 2017 there have been fewer and fewer Salafist Dawa actions (= recruitment) in public spaces.

Din

E.

Ebaa News Agency

The Ebaa News Agency is the mouthpiece of the terrorist organization Hay'at Tahrir al-Sham (HTS). It was founded in 2017. Since then she has only been distributing propaganda for the HTS.

The website of the Ebaa News Agency is very complex. One should get the impression that she reports seriously and independently.

propaganda is opinion making. Propaganda always pursues certain interests of the sender. The goal is to influence people's feelings and attitudes.

F.

Falk Bernhard / Muntasir bi-llah (* 1967)

The German Bernhard Falk is a former left-wing terrorist. Falk has converted to Islam and is very active in the Salafist prisoner care. He regularly visits prisoners from the Salafist scene and attends their court hearings.

Falk is a supporter of jihadist Salafism. He associates himself with al-Qaeda. He expressly distances himself from IS.

In his publication “Denk-Anschlag” he calls for the establishment of an international caliphate.

A caliphate is the institution of the secular religious ruler in the Muslim world. The word "caliph" comes from Arabic and means "representative of the Messenger of God".

H

Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham (HTS)

The HTS is a terrorist organization in Syria. Their long-term goal: overthrow the Syrian ruler Bashar al-Assad. For this, the HTS allied itself in military struggle with various resistance groups.

The HTS has its roots in Jabhat al-Nusra (JaN, German: supporter front). From 2013 to 2016, the JaN was the official Syrian offshoot of the “core” Al-Qaeda. Later she went to the Jabhat Fath al-Sham (JFS; German: Conqueror Front). The JFS founded the HTS together with several small militant Syrian groups.

It is believed that by changing its name, the organization wanted to break away from the “core” Al-Qaeda, which is still planning attacks in the West.

Hijra

Emigration (following the example of the Prophet from Mecca to Medina). In the jihadist context as emigration to a jihad area.

Hur al ’Ain

Black-eyed virgins of paradise. Considered in jihadist mythology as a “reward” (72 virgins) for being martyred.

I.

Ibada
Iman

Faith. To be understood here not only in the sense of a religious conviction, but as consent to a clearly delimitable system of beliefs and modes of action. In this sense, the acceptance of the German legal system also counts as "belief", but as a misbelief.

Inspire

Inspire was an English online magazine run by al-Qaeda on the Arabian Peninsula (AQAH). It was founded in June 2010 and was last published in November 2016.

The magazine urged all Muslims to fight against the West. Inspire claimed that every Muslim has a duty to take part in armed struggle. Lone perpetrators should carry out attacks. The magazine said how to build explosives, derail trains, or use cars as weapons.

The English word "Inspire" means: to inspire.

Islamic State

Abbreviations: IS or ISIS (also called DAESH).

IS is not a state, but a jihadist-Salafist organization with temporarily quasi-state structures. IS promotes violent struggle; he is responsible for terrorist attacks worldwide. The symbol of IS is a black banner. It shows the Islamic creed in a stylized form as well as the seal of the Prophet Mohammed with the words "Mohammed the Messenger of Allah".

The core areas of IS were Syria and Iraq. By the end of 2017, however, he had lost almost all of the areas there. Today the IS is active worldwide. He has not been allowed to work in Germany since September 2014. The IS flag may not be displayed in public (e.g. during demonstrations or on the Internet), in meetings, in videos or in flyers.

IS has its roots in the Jama’a al-Tawhid wa-al-Jihad group. This group was founded in Jordan in 1999. From 2003 she shifted her focus to Iraq. After that she changed her name several times. In 2014 she proclaimed a caliphate under her then leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. Since then it has been operating as the “Islamic State”.

A caliphate is the institution of the secular religious ruler in the Muslim world. The word "caliph" comes from Arabic and means "representative of the Messenger of God".

Islamism

Islamism is a form of political extremism. It describes a political worldview that uses the language of religion to pursue political goals. Islamism calls for the (partial or complete) abolition of the free democratic basic order in Germany. In doing so, he refers to Islam. Islamism begins where religious Islamic commandments and norms
1. as binding political instructions and
2. To be interpreted with an absolute claim to other social models.

J

Jabhat al-Nusra (JaN)
Jabhat Fath al-Sham (JFS)
Yahannem
Jannah
Jihad

Jihad literally means “effort” or “effort”. The Islamic tradition knows both the "small jihad" and the "great jihad".

The "great jihad" is peaceful. It denotes the spiritual and spiritual endeavor of the believer for the correct religious and moral behavior towards God and fellow human beings.

The "little jihad" is bellicose. It describes the militant use to defend or expand the Islamic territory. Jihad is often used by militant groups as religious legitimation for terrorist attacks or liberation struggles.

Learn more: What is Jihad / Jihad?

Jihad as the summit of Islam

The Arabic word jihad means “effort”. The Islamic tradition is different

  • the great (spiritual) jihad: the effort to behave correctly in a religious and moral sense towards God and people.
  • the small (warlike) jihad: the struggle with the aim of defending or enlarging the Islamic dominion.

Read more: detailed information about small and large jihad.

K

Kafir, kuffar

Unbeliever. Plural: kuffar.

Fighter with horse

With images of mounted fighters, combined with religious symbols or texts, Salafists glorify the jihad of the first Muslims: the Islamic conquests in the 7th century AD. The riders played an important role in this.

Cybernetiq

Kybernetiq is a German-language propaganda magazine for jihadists that was last published in 2018. The topic is encrypted and tap-proof communication on the Internet. The goal: to exchange ideas with one another, unnoticed by the security authorities.

propaganda is opinion making. Propaganda always pursues certain interests of the sender. The goal is to influence people's feelings and attitudes.

L.

Lau Sven / Abu Adam (* 1980)

The German Sven Lau has converted to Islam and is a Salafist preacher. He was a member of Muhammad Ciftci's “Invitation to Paradise” (EZP) association. Later he was a member of the Salafist network “The True Religion” (DWR). The network was banned in 2016. Sven Lau is considered a close companion of Pierre Vogel.

In July 2017, Sven Lau was sentenced to five and a half years in prison for supporting a terrorist organization. The judgment has been final since May 2018. Lau was released early from prison in May 2019.

His imprisonment has increased his prominence in the Salafist scene.

Convert: convert to another religion.

lion

The lion is a symbol for the faith fighter - mujahideen - who is ready to die for his faith. It stands for courage, bravery and strength. His mane is likened to a grown man's beard.

The Arabic word for "lion" is "Usama". The terrorist and al-Qaeda leader Usama bin Laden is often portrayed as the “lion of jihad”.

M.

Mahmoud Mohammed / Abu Usama al-Gharib (1985-2018)

Mohammed Mahmoud comes from Austria. In 2008 he was sentenced to four years in prison for founding the Global Islamic Media Front (GIMF). The GIMF translated texts by jihadists into German and called for jihad.

After his release from prison, Mahmoud went to Berlin. In 2011 he founded the jihadist organization Millatu Ibrahim there together with Denis Cuspert. It was banned in 2012. Mohammed Mahmoud joined the IS. In November 2018, he is said to have died in an air raid.

In August 2015, a video was published in which Mahmoud threatened attacks in Germany. In the video, he and an accomplice shoot two men kneeling in front of him.

Millatu Ibrahim

Millatu Ibrahim is a jihadist Salafist organization. It was banned in Germany in 2012. Replacement organizations are Tauhid Germany and Ansarul Aseer, both of which were banned in 2015.

The Arabic name means: "Religious community of Abraham".

The organization was founded in 2011 by Mohammed Mahmoud and Denis Cuspert. Cuspert, Mahmoud and other supporters of Millatu Ibrahim later joined the Islamic State.

Millatu Ibrahim called for a fight against the constitutional order in Germany. In 2012 the organization was responsible for the violent riots by militant Salafists in Solingen. Millatu Ibrahim was also involved in the care of prisoners. The members wanted to radicalize imprisoned Muslims and integrate them into jihadist-Salafist networks.

Millatu Ibrahim marks may not be used in Germany.

Mu'assasat Ajnad

Mu'assasat Ajnad is a subsidiary of the Al-Furqan media office. It was founded in August 2013.

Mu'assasat Ajnad distributes IS-Naschids online in Arabic and other audio content.

Read more: What is the meaning of music in Salafism?

Mujahideen

Islamist fighters or terror groups.

Mullah Omar (1959-2013)

Mullah Omar was the spiritual and political leader of the Afghan Taliban.

From 1996 to 2001, Mullah Omar was the de facto head of state in Afghanistan. The “Islamic Emirate” with him at the helm was a role model for jihadists around the world.

The Taliban are an Islamist terrorist group. They ruled much of Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001.

Munafiq, Munafiqun

“Hypocrites” (meaning Muslims who, from the perspective of the Salafists, do not follow the “true” Islam). Plural: Munafiqun.

Murtadd, Murtaddun

“Renegades” (meaning people who, according to the Salafists, have abandoned or betrayed “true” Islam, e.g. groups with a dogma that does not suit the Salafists). Plural: Murtaddun.

N

Naik Zakir (* 1965)

Zakir Naik is a well-known Indian television preacher. He is ideologically very close to Usama bin Laden. Several jihadist attackers relied on Naik.

Naik's teaching is anti-Semitic. He rejects other religions and interpretations of Islam. Naik wants the death penalty for homosexual people and all Muslims who turn away from the Islamic faith. He sees suicide bombings as a tactical tool that is compatible with Islam.

Naik is not allowed to enter the UK, Canada and Malaysia. India has issued an arrest warrant against him.

Naschid

Arabic: naschid, plural anaschid, means song, hymn. The mostly short and melodically memorable songs, usually without any instrumental accompaniment, have more than just a religious connotation. The underlay of pictures and videos with anaschid increases the emotionality, always with the aim of capturing consumers. With these anashid the accusation often resonates with the audience of not defending themselves against the oppression and abandoning Muslims in the war zones. Salafists try to appeal to the guilty conscience of young Muslims.

North Caucasian Separatist Movement (NKSB)

The NKSB is an Islamist terrorist movement. She wants to break away from the Russian Federation and set up an independent Islamic state based on Sharia law in the North Caucasus.

In 2007 the NKSB split into the Caucasian Emirate and the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. Both are not internationally recognized. In 2015 the Caucasian Emirate joined the Islamic State (IS).

North Caucasus is the name given to the regions on the northern slope of the Caucasus Mountains in southern Russia. Mostly Muslims live there. The North Caucasus extends from Dagestan in the southeast to Karachay-Cherkessia.

P

Palestinian cloth

Jihadists often use a person wrapped in a Palestinian shawl as a profile picture on social media.

The Middle East conflict is an important issue for Islamists. They exaggerate and glorify his story and use it as evidence of an alleged Judeo-Christian world conspiracy. Jihadist ideologues call the liberation of Palestine the "mother of all Islamic concerns".

Middle East conflict is called the political and military conflict over Palestine. It continues to this day. In addition to Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), almost all Arab states are involved.

R.

Rafidhi, Rafidha, Rawafidh

Disparaging for Shiites. Plural: Rafidha, Rawafidh.

Rumiyah

Rumiyah was an IS propaganda magazine. It was founded in August 2016 and was last published in September 2017. Rumiyah was published in German, English, French, Russian and Turkish. It was the replacement magazine for the online magazine Dabiq.

The Arabic word "Rumiyah" means: Rome. The place has a symbolic meaning. In a prophetic tradition it says: The Muslims first conquer Constantinople and then Rome. The name Rumiyah is supposed to show that IS wants to expand further west.

Rumiyah calls on readers to commit attacks in the West.

propaganda is opinion making. Propaganda always pursues certain interests of the sender. The goal is to influence people's feelings and attitudes.

Constantinople is an old name for Istanbul.

S.

Salafism

Salafism stands in the tradition of schools of thought that strictly and without exception follow an ideal of the early Islamic period. Salafists construct their ideology from set pieces of the teaching of particularly conservative Islamic thinkers. You orientate yourself today v. a. of strict and uncompromising doctrines of Wahhabism.

Find out more: Salafism - what is it exactly?

Shahada

1. Islamic creed, 2. Martyrdom

Shahid (plural Schuhada)
Sharia

The order set by God in his revelation; as God's law, it is the ultimate standard, inviolable and irrevocable and cannot be subjected to human considerations

Sword, curved

The (mostly curved) sword stands for in Islamist propaganda

  • the Islamic rule. It is supposed to be introduced by force.
  • the enforcement of the law according to Sharia law.

propaganda is opinion making. Propaganda always pursues certain interests of the sender. The goal is to influence people's feelings and attitudes.

Shirk

Polytheism, addition. Worship other deities besides God. In the Salafist interpretation, democracy is a "false god" (see also Taghut)

T

Day hat

Idol. Here the observance of other laws than those of the Sharia, the acceptance of a different order of values. The Basic Law, democracy and the multi-party system are viewed by Salafists as “idols”

Tawheed

Monotheism. God as the absolute commander, to whom absolute obedience must be shown

Tauhid Germany

The jihadist-Salafist organization Tauhid Germany is a replacement organization of the Millatu Ibrahim network. Tauhid Germany was banned in 2015.

Tauhid Germany license plates may not be used in Germany.

Tayrun Khudhr

the green birds, symbol of martyrs, whose souls are allowed to wander around in paradise as green birds

V.

Vogel Pierre / Abu Hamza (* 1978)

The German convert