What are the seven principles of nature

Seven principles for the agriculture of the future


1 Seven principles for the agriculture of the future

2 Contents The seven Bioland principles for the agriculture of the future ... Bioland principle Working in a circular manner ... Bioland principle Promoting soil fertility ... Bioland principle Keeping animals in a species-appropriate manner ... 6 Bioland principle Producing valuable food .. . Bioland principle Promoting biological diversity ... 0 Bioland principle 6 Preserving the natural foundations of life ... Bioland principle 7 Securing people a future worth living in .. The choice is yours: Agricultural industry / Bioland ... 6 Who we are and what we are want ... Imprint Publisher: Bioland Association for organic-biological farming e. V. Kaiserstr., 6 Mainz Tel. 06 / Concept and design: Pro Natur GmbH, Frankfurt

3 The seven Bioland principles for the agriculture of the future Our seven principles stand for a type of agriculture and food production that we consider to be the most sustainable method of nourishing humanity in the long term while preserving our natural resources. Our guidelines for cultivation, animal husbandry and processing are based on these Bioland principles, according to which all Bioland members and Bioland partners work and compliance with which they are checked in addition to the state organic control. Immerse yourself in our ideal of the agriculture of the future. Discover how our farmers, gardeners, beekeepers, wine and fruit growers work in harmony with nature, how our Bioland animals are kept and the care with which our products are made. Only those who know the interrelationships and effects of our economy can really assess the holistic added value that Bioland foods have for all of us. Find out more and become part of a community that takes responsibility for our future as a producer, processor, customer and fellow citizen. You can find more information about Bioland on the last page of this brochure and on the Internet at and on twitter, facebook, google + and youtube

4 Bioland principle Working in a circular economy Circular economy is the basic principle of organic farming. The renunciation of chemical-synthetic nitrogen fertilizers and the return of nutrients in the form of manure and compost make it largely independent of limited raw materials. This cycle of management makes organic farming the most important method of sustainably feeding mankind in the future. Fertile soil The fertility of the soil is the farmer's capital, which must be preserved and increased. The organic farmer feeds the soil with natural fertilizer, prevents erosion and the leaching of nutrients by cultivating catch crops and ensures that the soil is well ventilated during cultivation. A whole microcosm of soil organisms thrives in such soil, which in turn creates the breeding ground for healthy and valuable crops. Field crops and fodder plants Whether wheat for bread, tomatoes for lettuce or grass clover for the animals on the fertile soil, organic seeds grow healthy plants that do not need any chemical-synthetic nitrogen fertilizers. Healthy animals The animals on an organic farm not only provide meat, milk, honey or eggs, with their dung they also contribute important nutrients that build up the life of the soil. The number of animals on an organic farm depends on the size of the farm's fields and pastures, so that the animals can be fed with their own feed and the soil is not over-fertilized. Organic fertilizers The organic farmer feeds the diverse soil life with the best natural food: with solid manure, liquid manure and liquid manure from their own animals, with plant residues from catch crops and with compost from green cuttings. People A balanced, healthy diet is the basis of a high quality of life. Organic farming provides us with valuable food. It operates in as closed cycles as possible and is therefore one of the most important methods of sustainably producing food. The advantages at a glance E Bioland farmers avoid waste to a large extent Nutrients are returned to the cycle. Bioland farmers strive to operate independently of crude oil and other limited resources. E By operating in a cycle, organic farming can also guarantee stable yields in the future. E Bioland farmers prefer to work together in regional economic cycles. More information on the Internet at

5 Healthy animals Animal foods Field crops and forage crops Vegetable foods Composts Organic fertilizers Fertile soil

6 Bioland principle Promoting soil fertility The most important livestock for organic farmers are the billions of soil organisms. With a variety of measures he tries to increase the humus content, improve its structure and thus promote soil fertility in a natural way and secure it for future generations. High-quality compost is made from harvest residues and green cuttings. All parts of the plants are important for organic farmers. Whether leaf, stalk, flower parts, peel, the organic components from organic farming are returned to the soil as manure, mulch or compost. The most comprehensive possible recycling of nutrients, such as B. Phosphorus and Potassium will become more and more important in the future. So is currently z. B. is researching how the nutrients from the organic waste bin can be recycled without polluting them. 6 Animals provide valuable fertilizer The manure of the animals is high-quality food for the host of organisms in the soil. However, too much natural fertilizer can also be destructive. In organic farming, therefore, only so many animals may be kept that no surpluses pollute groundwater and drinking water or escape in gaseous form. 7 Catch crops help protect the soil and bind CO. After the actual field crop (wheat, barley, etc.), a catch crop (e.g. mustard) is often grown on the same field in organic farming in autumn. With their ability to store CO and, in some cases, nitrogen, catch crops improve soil fertility and protect the soil from erosion. The farmer can use them for green manure or as animal feed. Incorporated into the soil, they contribute to the increase in humus and thus make an important contribution to reducing excess CO in the air. 0 Legumes collect nitrogen from the air as fertilizer. B. alfalfa and broad beans have an astonishing ability that makes them so extremely valuable for organic farming: with the help of so-called nodule bacteria on their roots, they can absorb nitrogen, an irreplaceable plant nutrient, from the air and accumulate it in the soil. They are then incorporated and gradually transform into valuable plant food for the subsequent crops, such as B. Wheat. The advantages at a glance Bioland soils: E secure stable yields thanks to their high natural fertility E, thanks to their large humus and root mass, have stored more CO than comparable conventionally managed soils E can store more water thanks to their crumbly soil structure and thus mitigate floods Internet under

7 Field crops forage plants 7 Catch crops, animals Consumers Legumes (legumes) Air nitrogen, collected via the root system 0 6 Humus structure Dead roots and plant parts Solid manure, liquid manure Compost from green cuttings and plant parts 7 0 6

8 Bioland principle Keeping animals in a species-appropriate manner Farm animals are also living beings with instincts, feelings and needs. They deserve our respect and should not be reduced to their usefulness as food suppliers. Quality instead of quantity - this motto should not only apply to our meat consumption, but also to the keeping of animals. More feed quality Certified organic feed The feed for the animals must be of organic origin and, as far as possible, come from our own farm. High proportion of basic forage (hay, grass, silage). B. Ruminants are supplied with the highest possible proportion of roughage (green fodder, hay, silage). No growth promoters and genetically modified components in the feed. Questionable feed or feed additives that are intended to prevent diseases are prohibited in organic farming. Genetically modified feed may also not be used. Better quality of life Young animals stay longer with their mother The rearing of young animals on organic farms takes significantly longer than on conventional farms. For example, calves are given whole milk for three months; Piglets are suckled by their mother for at least 0 days. In this way, the young animals are supplied with defenses through their mother's milk and can develop naturally. Longer lifespan In organic farming, the animals have more time to develop naturally. 6 Breeds adapted to the location The animal species and breeds for organic farming are mainly selected according to whether they are suitable, vital and resilient for the respective site conditions. Such animals feel more comfortable, get sick less often and do not need preventive medication. 7 Use of homeopathy and natural healing methods If the organic animals should fall ill, they are preferably treated with natural healing methods such as homeopathy and phytotherapy (herbal medicine). Daylight in the barn The barn on an organic farm is well ventilated and lets in enough daylight to allow the animals a natural day-night rhythm. More habitat for exercise and grazing All animals in organic farming must have exercise in the open air, e. B. in a pasture. 0 The number of animals is linked to the size of the arable and grassland areas. B. a maximum of two livestock units per hectare permitted. That is roughly the size of a soccer field per cow. This requirement ensures that the soil, air and water are not polluted with excess animal manure. Lots of space in the barn At Bioland, the animals' natural urge to move is taken seriously: In addition to pasture or exercise, they also have more space in the barn than their fellows in other forms of housing. The advantages at a glance Bioland animals: E have better foundations for an animal-friendly life E are less transported through rearing, fattening and marketing in the region E are strengthened in their health through preventive measures such as feeding, keeping and breeding and need less or none Medicines E produce high-quality, tasty foods such as meat, milk and eggs through appropriate feeding and more exercise. 6 More information on the Internet at

9 Lots of space in the barn Certified organic feed The number of animals is linked to the size of the arable and grassland areas Exercise and grazing 0 More living space More feed quality High proportion of basic forage (hay, grass, silage) No growth promoters and genetically modified components in the feed Daylight in the barn 7 Better quality of life Young animals get breast milk longer 6 Use of homeopathy and naturopathy Longer lifespan Breeds that are adapted to their location

10 Bioland principle Producing valuable food Food should be what its name suggests: a means of life. Pesticides and genetically modified organisms do not belong in our diet. In addition to the valuable ingredients, the natural taste of wholesome foods must be preserved so that in the future we can still differentiate between what is natural and what is only nature-identical. Less residues No synthetic fertilizers Solid manure, liquid manure or compost are first-class natural food for life in the soil. With this type of fertilization, the nutrients are gradually released and passed on to the growing plants. The risk of over-fertilizing and polluting ground, drinking and mineral water with excess nitrates is significantly lower when fertilizing with manure and compost than with fast-dissolving nitrogen fertilizers. No synthetic chemical pesticides Synthetic chemical pesticides of any kind are prohibited at Bioland. Natural pesticides and plant strengtheners are used to ensure a biological balance in the crops. Beneficial insects, such as B. the lacewing and the ladybug, are used and promoted in a targeted manner. No synthetic growth promoters Growth hormones are generally not permitted in organic farming. More safety No genetic engineering in cultivation and processing A strict ban on genetic engineering applies to all processed and unprocessed Bioland products. Genetically modified organisms (plants and animals) are also patented and can make farmers dependent on large agricultural corporations. Additional controls All Bioland raw materials and products are monitored by state-authorized control bodies. Bioland's guidelines, which apply to all members, are also stricter than EU organic farming legislation. The code number on the Bioland products shows which inspection body has checked the company (e.g. DE-ÖKO-006). 6 Regional economic cycles as possible Bioland members and partners work together in the regions based on trust. These mostly personal relationships enable close and transparent cooperation right up to the customer. High processing quality 7 Careful preparation Valuable ingredients must also be processed in a way that preserves their value. At Bioland, the processing companies are therefore checked by independent inspectors for compliance with the Bioland processing guidelines. No unnecessary auxiliaries and additives While well over 00 additives are approved in conventional food processing, the EU legal provisions for organic food allow around 7. Bioland, on the other hand, only allows the most important auxiliary substances. Certified organic ingredients If a processed product is called Bioland product, the customer can be sure that the ingredients come from organic farming and that the strict Bioland guidelines and the highest quality standards have been met. The advantages at a glance Bioland foods: E have fewer residues E, depending on the location and variety, contain more valuable ingredients, such as B. Omega fatty acids in milk or secondary plant substances (antioxidants, phenols) E enable natural enjoyment and taste experiences and help to preserve our natural taste sensation. More information on the Internet at

11 No genetic engineering in cultivation and processing Additional controls 6 If possible, regional economic cycles No synthetic growth promoters More safety 7 Gentle preparation No chemical-synthetic pesticides Less residues High processing quality No questionable auxiliaries and additives No synthetic fertilizers Certified organic ingredients 7 6

12 Bioland principle Promoting biological diversity Preserving biological diversity is one of the most important prerequisites for ensuring the sustainability of our planet. The more diverse the genetic potential of the earth, the less it can be endangered by epidemics or other catastrophes. The preservation of as many plant and animal species as possible is therefore not just a question of ethics, but also a vital goal in agriculture. Creating and maintaining hedges and woodlands in the landscape These measures are of particular importance on Bioland farms and create habitats that provide food, breeding and sleeping places for numerous animals and insects. At the same time, they protect the arable soil from wind erosion. Planting and maintaining orchard meadows Not only are old fruit varieties preserved through orchards, they are also a valuable habitat for many plants and animals, such as birds and insects. Create flower strips and areas The lush flowers of these areas are not just a treat for the eye. They are primarily a source of nectar for bees and many other beneficial insects. Create seams, field and path borders These strips close to the fields are a habitat for arable weeds and a retreat for wild animals. For many beneficial insects, such as B. the aphid-eating hover fly, they are home and wintering space. Maintaining species-rich grassland in the field Through careful use, fertilization adapted to the location and a late first mowing, many plants and animals can find food and living space, especially in locations that are worth protecting. 6 Collect piles and bars of reading stones These simple measures offer a refuge that has become rare, especially for plants and animals that love drought, such as insects and lizards. 7 Farming fields in a manner that is gentle on wild animals In order not to endanger wild animals during harvest, organic farmers harvest their fields from the center outwards. Thanks to nature-friendly mowers, amphibians, hares or ground-nesting birds can survive on the grassland and arable land. Keeping bees and promoting field herbs It is through their pollination capacity that bees make the diversity of our cultivated plants possible. By doing without chemical-synthetic pesticides, wild herbs such as black cumin or chamomile are preserved. This also protects and promotes the important bee colonies of our beekeepers.Growing old crops Old local cultivars such as emmer, einkorn or spelled make an important contribution to agro-biodiversity. Growing them is therefore a key element in our security of supply and the basis for a wide range of taste experiences. On the farm 0 Old farm animal breeds preserved Many organic farmers maintain old farm animal breeds, such as B. the angler saddle pig or the Glanvieh. They are robust, resilient and usually require less medication. Green and design courtyards close to nature Flower and vegetable gardens bring colors and smells, green roofs and facades improve the courtyard climate. Setting up nesting aids for birds and bats Animals such as bats, swallows, barn owls and wild bees are important for their natural balance. You perform z. B. important contributions to the control of pests. The advantages at a glance Promoting biological diversity: E stabilizes ecosystems E brings more security and variety to the future supply of food E enriches our cultural life and maintains our diverse cultural landscapes 0 More information is available on the Internet

13 Set up nesting aids for birds and bats Create and care for hedges and bushes in the fields Greening and designing farms in a natural way and promote wild herbs 7 6 Maintain species-rich grassland Process fields in a manner that is gentle on wildlife Collect piles and bars of reading stones 6 7 0

14 Bioland principle 6 Preserving the natural basis of life Without the natural basis of life that our planet provides in the form of air, water and soil, no human life is possible. Treating natural resources sparingly, using them sustainably and not polluting them with harmful substances are therefore central goals of Bioland. Climate Do not use any petroleum-dependent fertilizers. Chemical-synthetic nitrogen fertilizers, the manufacture of which requires twice the amount of petroleum (liters of petroleum for kilograms of mineral fertilizer), must not be used. Saving fuel through regional circular economy At Bioland, animal feed, fertilizer and seeds come from their own farm or, if possible, from the region. The organic farmer often sells his products on site, e. B. in the farm shop, at the weekly market or in the organic specialist shop. Do not import feed from overseas Instead of soy from overseas, the organic farmer mainly uses local legumes such as field beans, field peas, lupins and grass clover. Using renewable energies from sun, wind and biomass Bioland farmers strive to make their farms energy self-sufficient and independent of fossil fuels and nuclear energy. Avoid greenhouse gases such as nitrous oxide. Bioland farmers fill their soils with nitrogen by growing legumes. Chemical nitrogen fertilizers that produce harmful greenhouse gases such as B. nitrous oxide are prohibited. 6 Binding CO in the soil by building up humus Organically farmed arable soils develop a stable, humus-rich soil structure and a considerable amount of roots that bind more CO than comparable conventionally farmed soils. Soil 7 Preventing the erosion of soil and nutrients Hedges and field trees as well as year-round planting protect against valuable soil being washed away or being carried away by the wind. Promoting species-rich soil life With a balanced crop rotation and the use of organic fertilizers, the Bioland farmer promotes the development of important soil organisms. These bacteria, fungi and soil animals, such as B. the earthworm, contribute significantly to the health and fertility of the soil. Avoid compaction of the soil The natural fertility of the fields is the greatest asset of the organic farmer. One of his most important goals is not to compact the sensitive soil structure unnecessarily. Water 0 No hormones or preventive medication Medicines are used in animal husbandry only as needed and not preventively. No hormones are used to improve performance in animals or to influence plant growth. As a result, the waters are also less polluted. No synthetic chemical pesticides Since their use is prohibited, organic farming does not pose a risk of polluting groundwater and surface water with synthetic synthetic pesticides. Avoiding nitrate leaching into the groundwater The risk of polluting the groundwater with excess nitrate is considerably lower when fertilizing with manure and compost than with the quickly soluble nitrogen fertilizers that are prohibited in organic farming. The advantages at a glance Bioland actively protects the climate through: E Avoidance of greenhouse gases and rebinding of CO from the air E Use of renewable energies and regional economic cycles Bioland protects the water by: E Dispensing with synthetic chemical nitrogen fertilizers, pesticides and hormones Bioland protects the soil by: E Building a species-rich soil life E Avoiding erosion by wind and water More information on the Internet at

15 Do not import feed from overseas Use renewable energies from sun, wind and biomass Save fuel through regional circular economy Avoid greenhouse gases such as nitrous oxide Climate Do not use petroleum-dependent fertilizers 6 Bind CO in the soil by building up humus Avoid nitrate leaching into groundwater Water Better feed quality Soil 7 Removal of soil and nutrients prevent Do not use synthetic chemical pesticides 0 Promote a species-rich soil life No hormones or preventive medication Avoid compaction of the soil 7 0 6

16 Bioland principle 7 Securing people a future worth living in. Intact agriculture is the backbone of every society. The production of your own food on site will become more and more important in the future as resources become scarcer. A central goal at Bioland is therefore to enable people to get involved in a meaningful future in agriculture and to secure operational independence. Only comprehensible value chains from the producer to the customer can guarantee a high level of food quality and safety .... for society Maintaining fair partnerships with manufacturers, retailers and customers High-quality organic food at prices that enable everyone involved to make a living are a prerequisite for a sustainable food supply. Facilitate education and experience of nature Many Bioland companies are active in environmental education. Interested visitors can get to know the life on the farm, the agriculture and the natural processes during the seasons. Maintaining a living culture in the country With shopping, gastronomy, holiday and leisure activities, farm festivals and other events, many Bioland businesses enrich cultural life in rural areas ... in the region ... on farms 7 Ensure economic independence of farms Avoidance Dependence on large agricultural corporations and their seeds, fertilizers and auxiliary materials is one of the main goals of Bioland. Enabling business start-ups and securing succession Farm successors and interested people who want to build an existence with organic farming are supported by Bioland. Creating good living and working conditions on the farms The farm is both a place of work and living space for its residents. Bioland is committed to bringing conditions such as working hours, remuneration and workloads into line with societal standards. Creating jobs in the region More workers are required on Bioland farms and their regional partners in the food industry than in conventional agriculture and the food industry. Preserving and promoting food handicrafts In the case of Bioland products such as grain, milk or meat, value is placed on handicraft processing in the region. This promotes the food trade and regional economic cycles. 6 Supplying the region with valuable food At Bioland, cooperation with bakers, butchers, restaurateurs and local trading partners is preferred in order to ensure that the people in the region are supplied with valuable food. The advantages at a glance Bioland ensures: E more jobs in rural regions E more security of supply for the population through regional circular economy E high quality of life and better development opportunities for the people on the farms and in the region E an independent peasantry with sufficient income for the farming families and their families Employees More information on the Internet at

17 Education and nature experience enable fair partnerships with manufacturers, trade and customers Maintain a lively culture in the country ... for society Create good living and working conditions on the farms Create jobs in the region Enable business start-ups and secure succession More forage quality .. . on the farms ... maintain and promote the food trade in the region 7 6 Ensure the farms' economic independence Provide the region with valuable food 7 6

18 E The choice is yours: Agricultural industry Agriculture without a future Increasing price pressure and cheap food are leading to industrial agriculture *. E It requires a high level of energy input, E pollutes the climate, soil and water in our home country and overseas, e.g. B. through intensive feed imports. E It accelerates species decline E and prevents animals from meeting their innate needs. E Our cultural landscape is transformed into monocultures that have been cleared out of monotonous landscapes. E In the regions, crafts, jobs and quality of life are disappearing. * Bioland differentiates between industrial agriculture and diverse, conventionally working farms, as they still exist in many regions of Germany. 6th

19 Bioland agriculture of the future Bioland farmers strive to work in harmony with nature, and operate in a sustainable and resource-efficient manner. E You provide natural and high-quality food and E make an important contribution to protecting the climate, nature and the environment. E The production of organic food strengthens our regions and contributes to the common good. E It preserves diverse cultural landscapes, an independent peasantry and ensures our quality of life. Get an idea of ​​the seven Bioland principles for the agriculture of the future directly on the farms of our farmers, the businesses of our processing partners or interactively on the Internet E 7

20 Who we are and what we want Bioland is the most important association for organic farming in Germany. 00 Farmers, gardeners, beekeepers and winegrowers work in accordance with the Bioland guidelines. There are also over 000 partners from manufacturing and trade such as bakeries, dairies, butchers and restaurants. Together they form a community of values ​​for the benefit of people and the environment. For over 0 years, the Bioland members and their association have been developing an ecologically, economically and socially acceptable alternative to intensive agriculture that is dependent on industry and external capital. The goal of the farmers' daily work is the sustainable production of high-quality and healthy food. Doing business in harmony with nature, promoting biodiversity and active climate and environmental protection safeguard our livelihoods and maintain a diverse cultural landscape. Because organic farming means: thinking about the future. The seven Bioland principles for the agriculture of the future are important cornerstones. The Bioland community bears social responsibility by creating sustainable jobs and maintaining a lively rural culture. This is based on fair partnerships between farmers, manufacturers and dealers. Fair prices in this partnership provide the economic basis for the sustainable development of farms and make organic production an attractive professional field for young people. In the Bioland community, organic farming and thus the sustainability of agriculture are constantly being developed. The Bioland e.v. is organized on a grassroots basis and is committed to representing the interests of its members and partners in terms of social policy and shaping the future. Bioland develops solutions for current and future challenges such as the adequate supply of healthy, GMO-free food, animal welfare and climate protection. Bioland stands for the agriculture of the future.

21 Photo credits: Illustrations: Pro Natur GmbH / Golden Section Bioland: S li; S No. ,,; S re, S No. ,,,, 0; S li u; S6 No.; S No.; S istock: S re; S No.; S li; S No. 6; S 6 middle; S middle no.; S; S u gettyimages: S No.; S No.; Herik, wikipedia: S No. 7 Thomas Stephan / BLE: S No.,; S re u; S 6 No. ,,,, 7 ,, 0; S 7 o; S No., Institute for Organic Agriculture (K. Stribrny): S o Dominic Menzler / BLE: S 6 No.,; S 7 u; S No. 6, 7, magicpen / pixelio: S6 No. 6; Grossmann / pixelio: S 7 m; Heike Fischer / pixelio: S No.

22 0 Bioland Association for Organic-Biological Agriculture V. Kaiserstr., 6 Mainz, Tel. 06 / 7-0