What if life were computer software

Windows frozen - these tips will help if the program crashes

The mouse reacts sluggishly, the browser loads and loads - your Windows operating system stands still and nothing works. If the paralysis subsides after a while, all is well. If not, you have to act. With the right tricks, you can get your system up and running again in no time and avoid major hardware defects. In our photo show we show the most common causes of Windows crashes.

The main trigger for annoying stare from Windows is usually a weak main memory. It doesn't matter how much RAM the PC has. The bottleneck always arises when you have several programs running at the same time. Then Windows has to move data to the much slower hard drive over and over again.

If all the data of an application fit in the main memory, additional RAM is no longer beneficial. For example, to ensure that Office Outlook, the browser and two or three other applications run side by side without any problems, 4 GB of memory is sufficient. Occasional failures can have other causes.

De-ice browser

If, for example, web browsers such as Internet Explorer, Firefox and Opera freeze after a short period of time, plugins and extensions are often to blame for the sudden paralysis. In this case, start the browser in Safe Mode.

To start Internet Explorer in safe mode, select the command from the start menu Programs | Accessories | System programs | Internet Explorer (without add-ons). If the browser works properly, you have already recognized the problem and can remove the culprit using the browser's add-on management.

Browser crash - what to do?

If the browser only pauses when certain Internet pages are called up, important plug-ins or components are usually missing. Use the Software Manager in the Windows Control Panel to check whether you have installed critical components such as Java and Adobe Flash Player.

Corrupt Flash installations are a common cause of browser freezing, especially when playing videos. Our tip: use the Flash Uninstaller tool to remove the player, then reinstall the Flash Player setup program.

If the browser hangs or another application is blocking your work, you can switch off the crashed program with the Windows task manager. This saves you having to restart Windows. To do this, right-click on the taskbar and choose Start Task Manager. If this does not work, use the [Ctrl] + [Alt] + [Del] keys to open the task manager. In Windows XP it starts immediately, in Windows Vista and Windows 7 you select from the dialog box Start Task Manager out. In the new window click on the entry with the status message No respond and choose End task.

Computer reset as an emergency brake

The more programs running on a PC at the same time, the more likely longer waiting times and, in the worst case, a crash occur. In this case, the task manager is your main weapon. If even the key combination does not react, you unfortunately only have to reach for the reset switch. If it doesn't, press the power button on your PC until the computer switches off. All unsaved data is then of course lost.

If your PC crashes like this, you should definitely get to the bottom of the problem. Often they are harbingers of major hardware defects. We have compiled the most common causes of defective components and PC crashes in a photo show.

Sustainably improve the stability of Windows

When looking for the cause of a crash, a look at the Windows event viewer provides the first clues. The Event Viewer can be found in Windows XP in the Control Panel under System and maintenance | administration, in Windows 7 this is the point Reliability monitoring under System and security | maintenance. Windows records all occurrences on the PC there, from booting to exiting Windows.