Can a teenager use a toner

Caring for your skin properly: less is more

Healthy skin is a symbol of beauty and attractiveness. Our largest organ reflects a person's lifestyle and age. Which care products are suitable for which skin type, are natural cosmetics just as good as conventional care products and what really helps with skin problems?

Our skin is structured in such a way that it actually doesn't need cleaning. However, since we are exposed to different temperatures and fluctuations in humidity and our skin is stressed by solar radiation and air pollution (and bad body odor is not tolerated), daily skin cleaning is necessary. However, you shouldn't overdo it, because the wrong products and too hot water can cause skin problems in the first place.

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The skin - our largest organ

Optimal skin cleansing always depends on the skin type. Most people have combination skin. This means that the sebum and moisture balance are different depending on the skin area. While the T-zone (forehead, nose, chin) is rather greasy, the eyes and cheeks are rather dry. Oily, moist skin appears thicker, large-pored and shiny, as too much sebum is produced. Pimples and blackheads are common. With dry skin, sebum production is reduced, the skin can store less moisture, appears dull, tight and prone to small wrinkles.

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How much care do you need?

Care should be as individual as our skin. For example, fatty soaps are suitable for dry skin, while lipid-replenishing products should be avoided for oily skin. In general, however, the following applies: less is more. This applies to both cleaning agents and the water temperature. Any contact with soap and water that is too hot dries out the skin. Therefore, it is better to take a short shower and not bathe for more than 20 minutes. The motto "less is more" also applies to facial care: mild, alcohol-free cleaning products are particularly suitable. If no make-up is used, there is no need to carry out a major "thorough cleaning" every day - thorough washing with water is sufficient.

Are natural cosmetics better?

Many women and men consider natural cosmetic products to be more tolerable than conventional cosmetics. This is controversial among critics: In their opinion, natural cosmetics are just as foreign to the skin as synthetic substances. In addition, natural products can trigger allergies, such as added essential oils from chamomile or tea tree oil. Can natural remedies keep up with their chemical counterparts in terms of care? In March 2011 the German "Stiftung Warentest" took a close look at natural cosmetics face creams. The result: there is little to complain about the care properties of the creams, most of them provide the skin with moisture and are very kind to the skin.

The big drawback with natural cosmetics is their susceptibility to germs, as they do not contain any synthetic preservatives. Therefore, creams from the nature department must be handled carefully. Tubes with small openings are more suitable than large crucibles. Hygiene is particularly important, the cream should only be removed with clean fingers. Adequate storage should also be ensured: the warm bathroom is less suitable, it would be better to store the cosmetics at 18 to 20 degrees. Once opened, natural products should be used up quickly. If the smell, color or consistency of the product has changed, it's time to put it in the rubbish bin. Of course, this applies to all available cosmetics.

Can you prevent wrinkles?

From the middle of the twenties, cell renewal slows down and the elasticity of the connective tissue decreases. The skin becomes thinner, drier, and slacker. The first wrinkles usually appear around the eyes and mouth. Anti-wrinkle creams promise big-mouthed relief, and in fact, good products provide the skin with oil and moisture and can thus temporarily smooth it out. However, this will not make the wrinkles go away. In addition to surgical interventions, more and more scalpelless methods are being used, the effect of which, however, has not been scientifically proven. This includes, for example, lasering, which is supposed to remove superficial creases, but not deep expression lines.

Acid peelings can also be used to fight wrinkles, but the skin can be irritated after the procedure and be very sensitive to sunlight. Botox is a highly dangerous neurotoxin that is being used more and more frequently in the cosmetics industry, as is injections with autologous fat or hyaluronic acid. The duration of these applications is limited, however, after about six months the first wrinkles will appear again. The costs for wrinkle reduction are usually very high and amount to several thousand euros until a visible result can be expected. You can't prevent wrinkles, but you can delay their appearance a little if you avoid too much sun, use sunscreen and don't smoke.

Does cleaning help against pimples?

Not only teenagers can suffer from pesky pimples and blackheads, but adults too. In the drugstores, facial lotions for clean skin are lined up next to washing lotions and concealers. But what really helps against the annoying pustules? The same applies here: less is more. Soap is not suitable for cleaning blemished skin; it is better to use washing lotions, which should be used a maximum of three times a day. You shouldn't remove blackheads yourself. If you squeeze them out with your fingers, the bacteria spread under the skin into the surrounding tissue.

You shouldn't squeeze pimples either, as this can lead to inflammation and unsightly scars. If you feel very stressed by your impure skin, you should consult the dermatologist. In some cases, he or she may prescribe medication, such as antibiotics to apply to the skin. A visit to the beautician can also help: inflammation can be prevented if a specialist removes blackheads and pimples over a large area. A change in diet is usually not indicated, so far no connection between certain foods and blemished skin has been proven.

How do you get rid of annoying hairs on your face?

Around every sixth woman has more or less increased hair growth over the upper lip, often also in the chin area. This often means a great deal of stress for those affected. A painful but effective treatment method is needle epilation, in which extremely thin needles are inserted as far as possible into the hair canal and then briefly energized. Laser only helps with dark hair and only slows down hair growth. You can also tackle annoying hair on your own - even if only temporarily: tweezers, shaving or bleaching are usually the means of choice here.

When to stop using cosmetics

When was the lipstick made? How long can the face cream be used after opening? This is not always so easy to recognize, although many cosmetic products across the EU have been labeled accordingly since 2005. Eye cream lasts about a year after opening, kohl pencil has an almost unlimited shelf life, while mascara and liquid eyeliner should be replaced after six months. Warning signs are crumbs and a rancid odor. A conventional face cream lasts about a year, lipstick two years. Liquid make-up can be used for a year, if it starts to smell before then, it should be disposed of. Cleansing milk and water have an almost unlimited shelf life; if the smell changes, it is better to use a new product here as well.

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Karin Jirku, MMag.a

Updated on:

Juan ManrĂ­quez, J. et al: Wrinkles; Clinical Evidence, 2011.

Consumer: natural cosmetics put to the test. 2/2011. Stiftung Warentest: Effect yes, miracle no. Anti-pimple remedy 4/2006.

Stiftung Warentest: gone forever? Hair removal on the face 4/2005. Stiftung Warentest: For ever young. Wrinkle reduction without a scalpel. 7/2004

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