What are the formal characteristics of art

Image design in art - formal elements of image construction

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About the basics of artistic representation

Everyone perceives pictures, their composition, their colors or their style differently: according to their own taste.
The famous works of art exemplify how the subjective, artistic perspective shapes art.

Theoretical image design cannot be the goal, but only the way.
If you deal with it, you understand the effect of the picture from the ground up and get ideas to express your feelings differently.

An example of a successful expansion of creative possibilities is the rediscovery of perspective in the Renaissance: the laws of perspective enabled painters and draftsmen to present their art differently and more effectively. The new perspective was the means to an end to depict impressive art.

Since the beginning of modernism, artists have tried to reinterpret topics in a new and even more subjective way with their individual style, a special choice of color or painting style, but also through unusual compositions.

Whether in painting, drawing, photography or film, the same picture elements always determine what is depicted. If you want to understand art or create it yourself, it is helpful to understand these formal creators more precisely.

In the following, the elements are discussed and image ideas are given:

  1. The point is the smallest spatial extent. And especially in printing technology and modern art there are numerous examples of dot painting such as pointillism, spot and dot painting.
  2. The line forms the construction means of the sketches and drawings. Some art styles such as cloisonism but also comics use contouring as a form of representation.
    The line: contour, curve and expressiveness
  3. The surface and shape is the design counterpart to color.
    Under Shape and surface as design elements the surface is explained as an element of image design. In addition to a list of two-dimensional painting styles, you will find an image idea below to create modern coloring pages from photos. Finally, flat templates with step-by-step instructions are presented, such as painting like Keith Haring or Andy Warhol.
  4. Tone values ​​are the light and shadow gradients in an image to create plasticity.
    UnderTonal values ​​- gradations of brightness as a means of representing art the light and shadow gradients and their contrast to color are explained. In addition, painting styles are named that build on the light-dark contrast.
  5. Color is the creative element of painting and without it art would hardly be conceivable.
    Under the color composition - see, mix and paint color the color is explained in a way that is easy to understand and its different meanings: color perception, subtractive color mixing (primary colors, secondary colors and achromatic colors), paints (paint materials) and color names (color wheel, color card, etc.)
  6. Color transitions create plasticity and structure in the picture.
    UnderColor gradients in painting and drawing the fine gradations and their meaning for the realistic representation are explained. Depending on the technique, different tips for painting are given. The wash or the wet-on-wet technique are suitable for painting over one another of opaque color tones or for washing a color tone with solvent. In the drawing, you can only achieve good tonal gradients with lines, but also by shading and drawing with the pen tip.
  7. With the help of color theory, the artist can estimate the effect of his colors.
    Under Color theory for artistic painting you will find explanations about mixing colors, the color systems RGB, CYMK and HSV and the history of color theory.
  8. The composition is a design element and an opportunity for image analysis. On the bottom the image structure and the different compositional possibilities such as open composition and golden ratio are addressed. Finally, you will find some tips on image composition, for example how you can influence the effect of the image with the cutout.
  9. The perspective is the point of view from a certain point of view. It can be displayed intuitively or geometrically according to the vanishing point perspective.
    Under Perspective - the phenomena that create pseudo-spatiality the perspective is explained as a form of perception and representation. Both the various phenomena for the creation of the pseudo-spatiality and the vanishing point perspective come to the fore.
  10. The proportions contribute significantly to whether what is depicted can be considered successful. The true-to-life reproduction of the proportions is particularly important in realistic art. In modern painting, proportions lose their importance in favor of the individual point of view.
    Measure and display proportions - scale and proportion theory
  11. The painting and drawing style has been a strong design element in art at least since modern times.
    A free style enables the artist to express his work while at the same time avoiding any technical difficulties. On the bottom painting styles of famous artists are presented with example and instructions.